Luftwaffenfelddivision

Infanterie légère de la Luftwaffe Allemande, Seconde Guerre Mondiale 1941–1945

Chasseurs de la Luftwaffe protégant un Canon Antiaérien de 88 mm Flak 36

Luftwaffe Jägers provide infantry cover pour un canon antiaérien de 88 mm FlaK 36 déployé dans le rôle antichar. The Luftwaffe committed non-specialist troops to ground combat as early as 1941, when Partizans threatened aérodromes allemands et supply lines en Russie. These ad hoc infantry units were called Alarmeinheiten, due to the nature of their deployment. The costly Campagne en Russie de 1941 led to a severe manpower shortage. Replacements d'infanterie were sought by the army, et the large pool of non-specialist Luftwaffe personnel looked like a good source. In order to keep ces hommes in the airforce, even if they were fighting as infantry, the Luftwaffe raised infantry regiments of its own which were attached to army divisions engaged at Volkhov, Demyansk, et Kholm en 1942. Les défenseurs de Kholm se distinguaient sous le commandement du général Meindl (Luftwaffe), et ils formaient un précédent malheureux pour l'établissement des divisions d'infanterie de la Luftwaffe. In Septembre of 1942, Luftwaffe high command issued a call for volunteers to join one of 22 new Luftwaffe Field Divisions to be formed on the Eastern Front. It was an attempt to keep army recruiters away from Luftwaffe manpower, et it turned out to be a serious mistake.

The cadre of these new formations consisted of Fallschirmjägers et other Luftwaffe ground troops avec previous combat experience. The combat strength of a Luftwaffe Field Division (LwFD) only compared to an army infantry brigade, but they received new véhicules et equipment which might have been used to return depleted army division to nearly full strength. The LwFDs were short on transport, artillerie, canons antichar et other divisional support elements, they lacked training et ground combat experience, yet they were routinely expected to defend divisional sectors of the front line. Not surprisingly, when these sectors were attacked in strength, they could not be held for long. Imminent breakthroughs forced adjacent army divisions to pull back in order to avoid encirclement et destruction.

Due to their poor combat performance, the Luftwaffe Field Divisions were finally transferred to the army in Novembre of 1943. Most des officiers de la Luftwaffe were replaced par officiers d'infanterie de la Wehrmacht, et the formations were redesignated as Field Divisions (Luftwaffe). Beginning in Novembre of 1943, the Field Divisions (L) were reorganized under the new 1944 infantry division establishment.

Maquettes disponibles

  • Infanterie de la Luftwaffe en Smock & Field Cap, 20 mm IT Figures
    • Groupe de mitrailleuse légère, 20 mm IT Figures LUFT.9
    • Équipage de canon antichar, 20 mm IT Figures LUFT.14
  • Infanterie de la Luftwaffe en Zeltbahn, 20 mm Britannia Miniatures
    • Light Mortar et 2 Crew, 20 mm Britannia Miniatures LUFT.20
    • Équipage de canon antichar, 3 Figurines, 20 mm Britannia Miniatures LUFT.21

Bibliographie

Emploi Historique

  • Front de l'Est
  • Grèce (Leros), 1943
  • Macédoine et Yougoslavie, 1944
  • Italie, 1944
  • France, Low Countries, et Allemagne, 1944-1945
  • Norway, 1945

Possibilités de Conversions

  • Luftwaffe ground troops wearing the Zeltbahn ou camouflage smocks may be painted as troupes de l'armée allemande.

Joueurs de Guerre will find the Luftwaffe Field Regiment interesting to simulate, because if its unusual composition of light infantry et FlaK at the bataillon levels. Separate bataillons may be attached to army formations fighting on the Eastern Front.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale