Panzerknacker Casse-Chars Allemands

Merkblatt 77/3 - LW-Merkblatt 220 - Anleitung für den Panzernahkämpfer

Casse-char allemand jetant une mine anti-char, 1/72 Figurine c-p models WH16

Le char moyen T-34 soviétique came as a big surprise to the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front. Ce char moderne seriously outclassed les chars Panzer III et Panzer IV allemands, et it became available in large numbers as production topped 2,000 units per month. To counter this threat, particularly when there were no friendly chars ou canons antichar in the vicinity, soldiers occasionally resorted to engins et tactiques antichar improvisés. By 1944, more than 10,000 chars enemy et véhicules blindés were reported to have been destroyed by individual soldiers close-assaulting a véhicule. On 9 Mars 1942, le commandement suprême des forces armées allemandes published a directive which retroactively permitted the issue of a Panzervernichtungsabzeichen - tank-buster badge - to honor soldiers who had destroyed ou immobilized an armoured véhicule single-handedly, using close-combat weapons ou munitions comme un fusil antichar, une grenade à fusil, ou explosive device. One badge was issued per enemy armoured véhicule knocked out. One ou several tankbuster badges could be worn on the upper left arm of the tunic. The tankbuster award was popularly known as the "Panzerknacker" badge, in reference to training manual Merkblatt 77/3 - Der Panzerknacker which was designed to encourage soldiers to close-assault armoured véhicules.

Tens of thousands of soldiers must have been killed in the attempt to destroy a tank avec an improvised explosive device, but there are some who learned the trade et survived to talk about it. Oberleutnant Günther Viezenz, chef de compagnie de la 10e Compagnie / Grenadierregiment 7 earned 21 tank buster badges during his military carreer. Après la guerre, he joined la Bundeswehr fédérale allemande et retired en 1980 at the rank of Colonel.

Armes et Engins Antichar

  • Fusil antichar de 7,62 mm Panzerbüchse
  • Fusil antichar de 20 mm S.18/100 Solothurn Tankbüchse
  • Geballte Ladung stick grenade cluster
  • Mine antichar Tellermine
  • Panzerwurfmine shaped charge
  • Grenade antichar à fusil Panzergranate 46
  • Grenade antichar à fusil Panzergranate 61
  • Faustpatrone/Panzerfaust 50 Klein
  • Faustpatrone/Panzerfaust 100 Klein
  • 88 mm Raketenpanzerbüchse/Panzerschreck
  • Haft-Hohlladung 3 kg magnetic hollow-charge
  • Zimmerit Mine magnetic hollow-charge

In military modelling ou wargaming terms, any figurine courageous ou desperate enough to be carrying un engine antichar may be considered a Panzerknacker.

Figurines et Maquettes disponibles

  • Panzerknacker, 1/48 Master Fighter MF48001
  • Panzerknacker, 1/72 C-P Models WH16
  • Soldats du Génie Allemand, 1/72 Revell 02508
  • Panzerknacker, 15 mm Battlefront Miniatures GSO16

Bibliographie

Emploi Historique

  • Any theater of operation from 1941 to 1945

Panzerknacker who acted on their own initiative et typically used improvised weapons et tactics, are not to be confused avec Panzerzerstörer who were designated troupes antichar d'infanterie attached at the platoon, company ou bataillon level. Panzerzerstörer were armed avec lance-roquettes antichar Panzerfaust ou Panzerschreck et they were trained to use them effectively against enemy armour.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale