Armes Antichar Allemandes

Types de Projectiles et leur Capacité de Pénétration de Blindage

StuH 42 Ausf. G, Fujimi conversion

StuH 42 Ausf. G assault howitzer conversion of the StuG III.G, mounting the 105 mm L.28 infantry support weapon. The véhicule fired concrete piercing shells which proved very effective against buildings, et bunkers. An armour piercing shell was available, but the howitzer offered significantly less armour penetration than the 75 mm L.48 gun mounted in the StuG III.G. Sturmgeschütz batteries fielded six StuGs early in the war, et they were officially increased to 10 véhicules en 1942, three of which could be StuH 42. Jim Gordon upgraded a Fujimi 1/76 scale StuH 42 to arrive at this beautifully detailed model.

The table lists armour penetration values for armes antichars de l'infanterie allemande as well as canons allemands at 0 to 100 meters range et 0 degrees inclination of armour. Dates indicate the year when a particular shell type entered production, not necessarily the year of availability to combat units. New shell types would take several months to reach the troops at the front, some favoured units receiving the new shells more quickly than others. Andrew Mark Reid is the author of Panzergranate, a set of miniature wargame rules using carefully researched gunnery data to simulate armour penetration results.

Arme Antichar Projectile Pénétration
7,92 mm Infantry Rifle SmK Bullet (1916) 13 mm
7,92 mm MG 13, MG 34, et MG 42 SmK Bullet (1916) 9 mm
7,92 mm C.Z. Marosheck A.P. 34 mm
Named after the engineer tchèque who came up avec the idea of firing a 7,92 mm "K" bullet from a 20 mm cannon shell case. Barrel pressure is enormous when these types of bottlenecked rounds are fired, et a very long length calibre is required to obtain high velocity. After l'annexation allemande de la Tchécoslovaquie, this design became available to the Wehrmacht, et tous fusils antichar allemands de 7,92 mm employed the Marosheck principle.
7,92 mm Panzerbüchse 38 A.P. 34 mm
7,92 mm Panzerbüchse 39 A.P. 34 mm
7,92 mm C.Z. Model S.S. 41 A.P. 34 mm
An innovative design tchèque commissioned by the Waffen SS. This weapon featured automatic firing, a centrally mounted pistol grip, et a magazine which protruded out of the stock at a 30 degree downward angle to the right. A telescopic sight was fitted. The S.S. 41 fired the same ammunition as the Panzerbüchse 38/39 series, but it was significantly shorter than either of these weapons. The S.S. 41 was prone to seizures caused by dust, dirt, heat, et other adverse battlefield conditions. It was dropped as a frontline weapon en 1942, at a time quand les fusils antichar were already obsolete. Le fusil d'assaut S.A. 80 de l'armée britannique moderne is nearly a scaled down replica of the S.S. 41 design.
13 mm Mauser T-Gewehr (1917) A.P. 21 mm
Le fusil antichar Mauser Tank-Gewehr was an upscaled version of the Model 98 infantry rifle, designed to defeat the armour of upgraded chars Mark IV britanniques which were immune to the "K" bullet.
20 mm S.18/100 Solothurn Tankbüchse A.P. 38 mm
Le fusil antichar Solothurn suisse was used by the Wehrmacht right up to at least 1944. The author recalls reading an account d'un escarmouche entre une unité d'infanterie motocycliste allemande, et une unité semi-chenillé américaine, where this weapon was used. The weapon was carried on a small trolley which could be towed by bicycles et other light véhicules. L'armée italienne de la Seconde Guerre mondiale mounted the Solothurn on Carro Veloce L3 Tankettes. The S.18/100 is still in production today, it is listed in Jane's "Smallarms of the World 1979".
Engins Antichar, Lance-Roquettes Projectile Pénétration
Geballte Ladung Explosive (Wracking) approx. 20 mm
Seven stick grenade heads wired together on a common handle, et detonated by the central fuse. The device was used by tank destroyer teams on the Eastern Front, hommes desperately courageus who attempted to immobilize enemy véhicules by throwing explosive devices onto the tracks ou under the turret overhang. The Wehrmacht issued fancy Panzervernichtungsabzeichen insignia et special leave to reward hommes who succeeded in destroying a tank single-handedly. Many did not succeed, et the practise of close-assaulting combat véhicules became even more dangerous when l'armée soviétique attached infanterie d'accompagnement tankoviy desant aux unités blindées. A figurine carrying the geballte Ladung is included dans la boîte de Soldats du Génie Allemand en 1/72 de chez Revell.
Tellermine Explosive (Wracking) approx. 20 mm
Mines are triggered by the weight of a véhicule driving over them. If they do not destroy the véhicule itself, they may immobilize it by breaking the tracks, ou rupturing tires.
Panzerwurfmine H.C. (Munroe) 89 mm
A shaped charge avec 5.16 ounces of explosive, attached to a stick avec spring-loaded fabric fins at the rear. When it was thrown, the fins unfolded et stabilized the warhead in flight. A pair of inventors suisses were the first to think of using the well documented Munroe effect to penetrate armour plate. They tried to sell the design to foreign arms manufacturers, claiming that a new explosive had been discovered. Unfortunately for the inventors, explosives experts soon figured out that a shaped charge was responsible for the amazing penetration results, et they went ahead et copied it. Les troupes allemandes, britanniques, et soviétiques received grenades antichar H.C. as early as 1940.
Panzergranate 46 Rifle Grenade H.C. (Munroe) 89 mm
Une grenade antichar à fusil based on the Wurfmine, it had a maximum range of 200 metres.
Panzergranate 61 Rifle Grenade H.C. (Munroe) 89 mm
37 mm & 50 mm Stielgranate (1941) H.C. (Munroe) 206 mm
A modification for the 37 mm PaK 35/36 et 50 mm PaK 38, using the 150 mm Igr. 39 Hl/A artillery shell H.C. warhead. The oversized warhead had a stick attached to it which could be inserted into the PaK barrel. A blank cartridge was used to fire the device. Tail fins stabilized the warhead in flight, but it was not a very accurate weapon beyond 200 meters range. If a hit was achieved, the device proved successful even against chars lourds KV-1.

Reloading had to be done by a courageous crew member walking around the gun shield, et exposing himself to enemy fire while he inserted another stick grenade into the muzzle. In effect, this was a one-shot ambush weapon, very difficult to conceal after it had fired. Les automoteurs antiaérien/antichar Nimrod hongrois fired these rounds from their canon de 37 mm Bofors.
Faustpatrone/Panzerfaust 50 Klein H.C. (Munroe) 153 mm
Faustpatrone/Panzerfaust 100 Klein H.C. (Munroe) 219 mm
Recoilless weapons like the Panzerfaust, et la copie russe RPG-1 of the same, had a tremendous backblast which made it nearly impossible to fire the weapon from buildings, bunkers, et similarly enclosed positions. In the heat of battle, this important safety instruction was often ignored, resulting in many pertes accidentelles among the operators. In addition, the noticeable backblast would draw enemy return fire to the firing position.
88 mm Raketenpanzerbüchse/Panzerschreck H.C. (Munroe) 209 mm
Bazooka, et Panzerschreck rocket projectors are missile weapons which produce a less dangerous backblast than the Panzerfaust, although the backblast is still noticeable enough to reveal the firing position. Rocket projectors can be fired from enclosed spaces avec minimal risk to the operator, et there is enough historic evidence to suggest that this was done in combat. The Panzerschreck fired a larger warhead than the Bazooka, et the weapon had a face shield to protect the operator.
150 mm Do-Gerät (1941) H.C. (Munroe) 206 mm
Infantry rocket projector issued to Fallschirmjäger units as early as 1941.
Haft-Hohlladung 3 kg H.C. (Munroe) 206 mm
Haft-Hohlladung antichar magnetic hollow-charge sported three industrial magnets at the front of the device which held the shaped charge firmly in place against armour plate. When the device became available en 1944, it proved very effective, et it was assumed que l'Armée Soviétique would copy it immediately. As a counter-measure, the Wehrmacht developed Zimmerit anti-magnetic coating for armoured véhicules, defeating its own magnetic charge technology. Les Soviétiques never did copy the Haft-Hohlladung, et Zimmerit turned out to have been an unnecessary precaution.
Zimmerit Mine H.C. (Munroe) 206 mm
Un engin antichar designed to defeat véhicules equipped avec Zimmerit anti-magnetic coating. Stronger magnets were used to hold the device firmly in place against the uneven surface of a véhicule coated avec Zimmerit. Like the Haft-Hohlladung, it used the 150 mm Igr. 39 Hl/A artillery shell H.C. warhead.
150 mm Wire Guided Missile H.C. (Munroe) 206 mm
The Rotkäppchen was a winged bomb avec the usual 150 mm Igr. 39 Hl/A artillery shell H.C. warhead, fired from a sled. Like its modern counterparts, this wire guided device had a joystick for remote control. The weapon was introduced en 1945, et it was apparently used on the Eastern Front.
Canons de Char et Antichar Projectile Pénétration
20 mm L.55 KwK 30/38 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 24 mm
20 mm L.55 KwK 30/38 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 31 mm
20 mm L.55 KwK 30/38 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39-1) 40 mm
20 mm L.55 KwK 30/38 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 52 mm
Apparently, there are pictures of the FlaK 38 on a low carriage for use comme canon antichar des unités de la Volkssturm milice allemande. It is very likely that this gun had substantial capabilities antichar ou at least stocks of good ammunition to commend it for that role. The gun was also popular during la Campagne de Russie totif for firing at chars T-26 et B.T. soviétiques. There are photos d'automitrailleuses légères Sd.Kfz. 221 mounting this weapon, instead of the light machine gun they had previously been armed avec exclusively.
20 mm L.112.5 FlaK 30/38 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 49 mm
20 mm L.112.5 FlaK 30/38 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 57 mm
20 mm L.112.5 FlaK 30/38 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39-1) 81 mm
20 mm L.112.5 FlaK 30/38 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 106 mm
Apparently, there are pictures of the FlaK 38 on a low carriage for use comme canon antichar des unités de la Volkssturm milice allemande. It is very likely that this gun had substantial capabilities antichar ou at least stocks of good ammunition to commend it for that role. The gun was also popular during la Campagne de Russie totif for firing at chars T-26 et B.T. soviétiques. There are photos d'automitrailleuses légères Sd.Kfz. 221 mounting this weapon, instead of the light machine gun they had previously been armed avec exclusively.
28 mm schwere Panzerbüchse 41 A.P.S.V./A.P.S.B. 94 mm
An improved version du fusil antichar Solothurn which turned out to be no match for the chars moyens encountered in the 1941 et 1942 campaigns. The weapons was heavy, et it required a three-man crew which effectively made it a bataillon support weapon. Many s.PzB 41 were handed down a l'armée italienne who used it en Afrique du Nord, et still had many of them in inventory at the armistice en 1943. A model of the s.PzB 41 can be found in the first generation Airfix sets of infanterie allemande et soldats de l'Afrikakorps. The weapon may be fitted avec small wheels taken from an Airfix Spitfire aircraft kit. There was also a self-propelled version of the s.PzB 41 mounted sur un semi-chenillé léger Sd.Kfz. 250/11. A number of automitrailleuses légères Sd.Kfz. 221 serving in Africa et on the Easter Front were equipped avec the schwere Panzerbüchse 41, instead of the light machine gun they had previously been armed avec exclusively.
37 mm L.45 KwK 35 & PaK 35/36 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 18) 41 mm
37 mm L.45 KwK 35 & PaK 35/36 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 65 mm
37 mm L.45 KwK 35 & PaK 35/36 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 79 mm
Le 37 mm PaK 35/36 était le canon antichar standard de l'infanterie de la Wehrmacht allemande. It had been the most successful canon antichar de la Guerre d'Espagne, an event which led the Wehrmacht to believe that the gun would be adequate for some time. Unfortunately for the Wehrmacht, the PaK 35 could not penetrate les char d'assaut français et britanniques it encountered in France en 1940.

An automatic version of this gun was produced en 1942, which was loaded avec a clip of six rounds. The weapon proved marginally successful as an anti-aircraft gun. It had low recul, et it proved very reliable, two factors which made the weapon imminently suitable comme canon antichar aérien. The chosen gun platform was the Junkers JU 87 Stuka. Dated as a dive-bomber, the JU 87 turned out to be a very successful ground attack aircraft, provided that enemy fighter cover was minimal. Such conditions existed on the Eastern Front where 4th Air Group ground attacks destroyed thousands of chars et autres véhicules.

37 mm L.89 FlaK 43 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 18) 42 mm
37 mm L.89 FlaK 43 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 128 mm
37 mm L.89 FlaK 43 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 40) 156 mm
Les canons antiaériens FlaK have far greater hitting power than canons antichar PaK because of their longer barrels. Increased velocity results in longer range, et better armour penetration. Canons antichar are usually derived de canons antiaériens ou obusiers because these are high velocity weapons. The A.P.H.E. shell would probably shatter on impact, which is why its penetration is as low as that of the PaK 35/36 above. The A.P.C.R. et A.P. penetration data has been calculated on the basis that 37 mm PaK et FlaK ammunition was interchangeable, as is the case avec the 20 mm FlaK et KwK guns.
42 mm le.PaK 41 (Squeeze Bore) A.P.S.V. (1941) 120 mm
The barrel of the 42 mm PaK 41 Squeeze Bore gun tapered from 42 mm to 30 mm. The gun was mounted on the PaK 35 chassis, the original chassis of the le.IG 35 (infantry gun) which later became the le.IG 37.
50 mm L.42 KwK 38 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 69 mm
50 mm L.42 KwK 38 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 115 mm
50 mm L.60 PaK 38 & KwK 39 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 99 mm
50 mm L.60 PaK 38 & KwK 39 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 141 mm
The PaK 38 was introduced in Avril of 1940, just prior l'invasion allemande de la France. The weapon looks practically identical au canon antichar PaK 40. PaK 38 had a good performance for its time, et this is the gun which should have been used to upgrade chars de combat Panzer III après Août of 1940. However, l'Ordonance Department allemand had already decided to use the 50 mm L.42 KwK 38, et it simply ignored the order. The instructions were not carried out until late 1941, when the Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J was equipped avec the 50 mm L.60 KwK 39. Quand la 8e Armée Britannique encountered this formidable véhicule aux Guerre du Désert, they nicknamed it Mark III Special.
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39)
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40)
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 H.C. (Igr. 38) 75 mm
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/A) 90 mm
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/B) 96 mm
75 mm L.11.8 le.IG 18 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/C) 128 mm
The le.IG 18 entered service en 1927, et it remained in use pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. The weapon's armour penetration capabilities were improved when the hollow-charge Infanteriegranate 38 et Igr. 38 Hl/A were introduced.
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 A.P.H.E. (K. Gr.rot. Pz.) 46 mm
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 42 mm
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 75 mm
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/A) 90 mm
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/B) 96 mm
75 mm L.22 le.IG 37 et le.IG 42 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/C) 128 mm
The le.IG 37 eventually received an improved chassis, et it was designated the le.IG 42. Two versions of the le.IG 42 were built, using different chassis, designated le.IG 42 a.A (old type) et le.IG 42 n.A. (new type). The gun's ammunition et performance remained the same, but it became a much lighter weapon, more suitable for Fallschirmjäger operations.
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 A.P.H.E. (K. Gr.rot. Pz.) 50 mm
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 57 mm
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 76 mm
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/A) 90 mm
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/B) 96 mm
75 mm L.24 StuK 37 & KwK 37 H.C. (Igr. 38 Hl/C) 128 mm
Mounted in Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. N, et Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D support véhicules.
75 mm L.43 StuH 40 & KwK 40 A.P.H.E. (K. Gr.rot. Pz.) 108 mm
75 mm L.43 StuH 40 & KwK 40 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 129 mm
75 mm L.43 StuH 40 & KwK 40 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 154 mm
75 mm L.48 KwK 39 & PaK 39 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 144 mm
75 mm L.48 KwK 39 & PaK 39 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 172 mm
PaK 39 looks identical to a 75 mm L.46 PaK 40 ou 50 mm L.60 PaK 38 except qu'il n'a pas un frein de bouche. StuG III totifs avec canons de 75 mm KwK 39 n'avaient pas de frein de bouche either, but this was rapidly changed. The PaK 39 has a lower performance than the PaK 40, despite the fact that its barrel is L.2 longer than that of the PaK 40. The difference is in the cartridge. Like most guns, the PaK 39 had a cartridge of the same diameter as the 75 mm shell it fired, whereas the PaK 40 had a bottle-necked cartridge.
75 mm L.46 PaK 40 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 149 mm
75 mm L.46 PaK 40 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 176 mm
The PaK 40 had an unusual design feature, it fired bottle-necked rounds avec a 75 mm shell et a super-calibre cartridge behind it. To accept the larger round, the PaK 40 had a super-calibre breech. The operating principle is to squeeze-bore the explosive force behind the shell, causing a more rapid acceleration of the shot along the barrel. Unburnt explosive is forced into the barrel, et it continues to burn there. Canons firing bottle-necked rounds have to be designed et manufactureed to tolerate higher breech pressures et temperatures caused by the enormous explosive forces involved in the process.
75 mm PaK 41 (Squeeze Bore) A.P.S.V. (1941) 226 mm
75 mm L.70 KwK 42, StuK 42, PaK 42 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 170 mm
75 mm L.70 KwK 42, StuK 42, PaK 42 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 42) 210 mm
75 mm L.70 KwK 42, StuK 42, PaK 42 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 239 mm
75 mm L.70 KwK 42, StuK 42, PaK 42 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 298 mm
Armement principal du char Panther. There was also a 75 mm L.70 tank destroyer based sur un semi-chenillé léger Sd.Kfz. 251, which had the weapon mounted across the top of the crew compartment. The gun's recul system was anchored to the rear corners du semi-chenillé, et the véhicule retained its troop carrying capacity. A similar version was made by removing the wheels des canons antichar PaK 39 et PaK 40, et welding ou bolting the trail to the top of the véhicule. This type looked like the gun had been just dropped on top of the véhicule. These field modifications made the véhicule top-heavy et very difficult to drive cross-country.
7.7 cm L.23 W.W.I. Field Gun A.P.H.E. 53 mm
88 mm L.56 KwK 36 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 67 mm
88 mm L.56 KwK 36 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 146 mm
88 mm L.56 KwK 36 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39-1) 177 mm
88 mm L.56 KwK 36 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 224 mm
88 mm L.56 KwK 36 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 280 mm
Armement principal du char Tiger I, it had a lower performance than the 75 mm L.70 mounted on the Panther tank. The KwK 36 was designed for tank use en 1936 et then shelved when l'armée allemande decided against a heavy tank programme. It was later revived for use in the Tiger. According to some sources, the weapon was tried out in a few early Jagdpanther tank destroyers until replaced by the more suitable 88 mm L.71 PaK 43 below.
88 mm L.71 FlaK 35/36, KwK 43 & PaK 43 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 86 mm
88 mm L.71 FlaK 35/36, KwK 43 & PaK 43 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 225 mm
88 mm L.71 FlaK 35/36, KwK 43 & PaK 43 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39-1) 247 mm
88 mm L.71 FlaK 35/36, KwK 43 & PaK 43 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 311 mm
88 mm L.71 FlaK 35/36, KwK 43 & PaK 43 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 355 mm
Originally designed to attack high-altitude bombers, these canons were often used dans le rôle antichar. Flak 35/36 deployed at the Bataille de Kasserine Pass destroyed vast quantities of closely bunched chars américains at ranges between 3 et 6 miles. The maximum range de tir antichar is reported to have been 9 miles. The weapon became l'armement principal du char Tiger II, et des chasseurs de chars Elefant et Jagdpanther. The PaK 43 was considered the best canon antichar allemand de la guerre.
88 mm L.98 FlaK 37 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 118 mm
88 mm L.98 FlaK 37 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 36) 292 mm
88 mm L.98 FlaK 37 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39-1) 341 mm
88 mm L.98 FlaK 37 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 429 mm
88 mm L.98 FlaK 37 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 490 mm
Developed from the 88 mm L.98 FlaK 18
10 cm K 18 A.P. (K. Gr.rot. Pz.) 202 mm
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18 (towed)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/1 (Sd.Kfz. 165/1)
105 mm L.28 StuH 42 (Sd.Kfz. 142/2)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/2 (Wespe)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/40 (Pz.A. 39 H (f))
A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 78 mm
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18 (towed)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/1 (Sd.Kfz. 165/1)
105 mm L.28 StuH 42 (Sd.Kfz. 142/2)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/2 (Wespe)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/40 (Pz.A. 39 H (f))
A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 106 mm
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18 (towed)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/1 (Sd.Kfz. 165/1)
105 mm L.28 StuH 42 (Sd.Kfz. 142/2)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/2 (Wespe)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/40 (Pz.A. 39 H (f))
H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/A) 103 mm
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18 (towed)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/1 (Sd.Kfz. 165/1)
105 mm L.28 StuH 42 (Sd.Kfz. 142/2)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/2 (Wespe)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/40 (Pz.A. 39 H (f))
H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/B) 116 mm
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18 (towed)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/1 (Sd.Kfz. 165/1)
105 mm L.28 StuH 42 (Sd.Kfz. 142/2)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/2 (Wespe)
105 mm L.28 le.FH 18/40 (Pz.A. 39 H (f))
H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/C) 128 mm
Standard light howitzer of the Wehrmacht, normally deployed in batteries of four pieces, although some batteries had only three en 1944-45. Panzer et Panzergrenadier divisions had batteries of six howitzers. En 1942, le.FH 18 was mounted in StuG III Ausf. G chassis, designated Sturm-Haubitze 42. Assault gun batteries officially consisted of seven StuG III Ausf. G et three StuH 42, deployed in three sections of three véhicules, et one StuG III for the battery commander. In the same year, the le.FH 18/2 was mounted on modified Panzer II chassis, designated Panzer-Artillerie II (Wespe). Panzer et Panzergrenadier divisions received two armoured artillery batteries of six Wespe each. The new Wespe batteries saw their first large-scale action at the Bataille de Kurks en 1943.
105 mm L.56 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 232 mm
105 mm L.56 A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 292 mm
105 mm L.56 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 334 mm
Armement principal du char Panther Ausf. F. Le Panther F had a normal Panther G hull avec Tiger II suspension, et a smaller turret avec "Frogeyes" range finder bulges on either side. Le canon n'a pas de frein de bouche.
128 mm L.55 KwK 44 & PaK 44 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 230 mm
128 mm L.55 KwK 44 & PaK 44 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 43) 227 mm
128 mm L.55 KwK 44 & PaK 44 A.P. (1944) 253 mm
128 mm L.55 KwK 44 & PaK 44 A.P.C.R. (1944) 350 mm
128 mm L.55 KwK 44 & PaK 44 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 400 mm
Armement principal du chasseur de chars Jagdtiger, et du char Panther II. Le Panther II is similar to the Panther F described above, except that it has the larger gun. Apparently, Panther II appeared in small numbers en 1945.
128 mm L.61 K 40 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 244 mm
128 mm L.61 K 40 A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44) 443 mm
A naval gun mounted in large static defenses like those on the Siegfried line. Le canon antichar de 128 mm PaK 44 was developed from this weapon, et il était l'armement principal du char Maus, which also sported a co-axial 75 mm L.70 KwK 42.
150 mm L.11 s.IG 33 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 43 mm
150 mm L.11 s.IG 33 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 65 mm
150 mm L.11 s.IG 33 H.C. (Igr. 39 Hl/A) 206 mm
150 mm L.17 s.FH 13 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 67 mm
150 mm L.17 s.FH 13 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 101 mm
150 mm L.17 s.FH 13 H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/A) 206 mm
150 mm L.29 s.FH 18 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 118 mm
150 mm L.29 s.FH 18 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 172 mm
150 mm L.29 s.FH 18 H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/A) 206 mm

Panzergranate obus antichar allemands used the following designations:

  • Pz.Gr. = early A.P. shell, probably Pz.Gr. 18.
  • Pz.Gr. 39 = A.P. shell.
  • Pz.Gr. 39-1 = improved A.P. shell.
  • Pz.Gr. 40/41/42 = A.P.C.R. shell variants.
  • Pz.Gr. 43 = A.P. shell replacing A.P.C.R. after Tungsten supplies ran out.
  • Pz.Gr. 44/45 = A.P.D.S. shell.

Shells were colour-coded to avoid confusion in the heat of battle. Munitions de chars allemands used the following codes, avec special marquages stencilled to indicate sub-types:

  • A.P. - Black
  • H.E. - Yellow ou Dark Green
  • H.C. - Light Grey/Green

Compared to Allied weapons of the same calibre, canons allemands appear to be heavy hitters. Quand la Wehrmacht encountered heavily armoured chars Britanniques, français, et Soviétiques au cours des campagnes de 1940 et 1941, it was quick to respond to the need for increased armour penetration of its primary arme antichar. Designs which had proven successful against chars Matilda, Char B, et KV-1 were developed further. The more powerful canons also required chars plus lourdes comme le Panther, Tiger, Königstiger, et Elefant to carry them.

The Wehrmacht equipped many of its own units, et allied Axis formations avec a variety of armes capturé which are listed separately.

Andy Reid

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale