Armes Antichar Capturées par la Wehrmacht Allemande

Types de Projectiles et leur Capacité de Pénétration de Blindage

Beutepanzer SU-85 (r)

Maquette de ROCO au 1/87 d'un Beutepanzer canon d'assaut SU-85 soviétique capturé de la Wehrmacht.

The table lists armour penetration values des chars et canons antichar capturés par la Wehrmacht allemande at 0 to 100 meters range et 0 degrees inclination of armour. Dates indicate the year when a particular shell type entered production, not necessarily the year of availability to combat units. New shell types would take several months to reach the troops at the front, some favoured units receiving the new shells more quickly than others. Andrew Mark Reid is the author of Panzergranate, a set of miniature wargame rules using carefully researched gunnery data to simulate armour penetration results.

Arme Capturé Projectile Pénétration
25 mm L.72 Puteaux PaK 112 (f) A.P. (f) 50 mm
25 mm L.72 Puteaux PaK 112 (f) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 65 mm
25 mm L.77 Hotchkiss PaK 113 (f) A.P. (f) 54 mm
25 mm L.77 Hotchkiss PaK 113 (f) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 70 mm
37 mm L.33 KwK 40 (f) A.P. (f) 47 mm
37 mm L.33 KwK 40 (f) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 60 mm
Ammunitions factories françaises were put to use by the Wehrmacht for the following reasons:

  1. The production lines et tooling were already in place, they had not been destroyed!
  2. Production personnel was readily available because of the mobilisation française, et war production increase during 1939/1940.
  3. Large stockpiles of ammunition, guns, armoured fighting véhicules, aircraft, et spare parts were captured intact. Apparently, little effort had been made to destroy these stocks to prevent them from falling into enemy hands.

Subsequently, the factories adopted shell production methods allemands, et obus du design allemand were produced there from about 1941 onwards.
37,2 mm L.40 Skoda A.3 KwK (t) A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 34 (t)) 45 mm
37,2 mm L.40 Skoda A.3 KwK (t) A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 58 mm
37,2 mm L.40 Skoda A.3 KwK (t) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 70 mm
Armement principal du char léger LT vz. 35, re-designated Pz.Kpfw. 35 (t) by the Wehrmacht.
37,2 mm L.47 Skoda A.7 KwK (t) A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 34 (t)) 50 mm
37,2 mm L.47 Skoda A.7 KwK (t) A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 69 mm
37,2 mm L.47 Skoda A.7 KwK (t) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 84 mm
Armement principal du char léger LT vz. 38, re-designated Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) by the Wehrmacht.
37 mm L.47.8 M.37 PaK 185 (t) A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 69 mm
37 mm L.47.8 M.37 PaK 185 (t) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 84 mm
37 mm L.60 Hotchkiss FlaK (f) A.P./T. (f) 36 mm
37 mm L.60 Hotchkiss FlaK (f) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 86 mm
4 cm L.52 2-Pdr. PaK 154 (b) A.P. (b) 84 mm
4 cm L.52 2-Pdr. PaK 154 (b) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 98 mm
47 mm L.39.4 Böhler PaK 196 (r) A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 71 mm
47 mm L.39.4 Böhler PaK 196 (r) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 87 mm
It is not clear why the Wehrmacht listed le canon d'infanterie Böhler M.35.B autrichien comme une arme russe capturée. L'Armée Lettonienne had procured Böhler M.35.B de l'Autriche prior to the war, et the 47 mm L.39.4 was build under license by a number of other nations. Most likely, les forces soviétiques used these canons Böhler to repel l'invasion allemande de la Lettonie et Estonie occupées.
47 mm L.40 Böhler M.35 Infantry Gun A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 71 mm
47 mm L.40 Böhler M.35 Infantry Gun A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 87 mm
The Böhler 47 mm L.40 was in service avec l'armée autrichienne, et it had been exported to Estonia prior to the war. If M.35 Böhlers were captured in Estonia, they may have received the same designation as the M.35.B above, regardless of the difference in length.
47 mm L.43 Skoda PaK 36 (t) A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr. 36 (t)) 66 mm
47 mm L.43 Skoda PaK 36 (t) A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 86 mm
47 mm L.43 Skoda PaK 36 (t) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 144 mm
Canons Skoda de 47 mm capturés were used by the Wehrmacht to convert chars légers Panzer I en Panzerjäger I chasseurs de chars, the first of many canons antichar automoteur. Les pelotons de Panzerjäger I chasseurs de chars consisted of quatre véhicules.
47 mm L.53 Puteaux PaK 114 (f)
47 mm L.53 Puteaux M.1937 PaK 181 (f)
47 mm L.53 Puteaux M.1939 PaK 183 (f)
A.P. (f) 95 mm
47 mm L.53 Puteaux PaK 114 (f)
47 mm L.53 Puteaux M.1937 PaK 181 (f)
47 mm L.53 Puteaux M.1939 PaK 183 (f)
A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 118 mm
75 mm L.30 PaK 50 (f) A.P. (f) 73 mm
75 mm L.30 PaK 50 (f) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 107 mm
The L.30 PaK 50 (f) was a marriage between the PaK 38 chassis et an unidentified canon de 75 mm L.29.7 français, possibly le canon de 75 mm Puteaux mounted in Char 2C. The L.30 PaK 50 (f) was notorious for its tremendous recul when A.P.C.R. shells were fired, causing the carriage to jump off the ground, et requiring that the gun be aimed again after each shot. The weapon was only issued to penal units allemandes et alliés de l'Axe de la front de l'est. A model of the PaK 40 may be easily converted pour représenter cet arme. Shorten the barrel of the PaK 40, leaving just 10 mm of barrel beyond le fin de la rampe de recul. The PaK 50 (f) n'avait pas de frein de bouche.
75 mm L.36.3 PaK 97/38 (f)
75 mm L.36.3 PaK 97/40 (f)
A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 90 mm
75 mm L.36.3 PaK 97/38 (f)
75 mm L.36.3 PaK 97/40 (f)
A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 128 mm
L'armée française upgraded many of its old canons de campagnes de 75 mm Puteaux M.1897 by adding pneumatic tires au course de la mobilisation de 1938 et 1940. Captured weapons were fitted avec a PaK 38 carriage et a T.R. breech by the Wehrmacht. If A.P.C.R. rounds allemands were later fired from this weapon, le recul springing system had to have been strengthened to accept the increased recul. Ces canons n'avaient pas de frein de bouche, although they may have been fitted avec proper sights et other minor design improvement. The weapon was issued to Axis allies deployed on the eastern front. After 1942, the 75 mm L.36.3 PaK 97/38 (f) ou 97/40 (f) could not have been much use in combat.
76,2 mm L.51 M.1936 F.G. PaK 36 (r) A.P.H.E. (M.1936) 98 mm
76,2 mm L.51 M.1936 F.G. PaK 36 (r) H.V.A.P. (M.1942) 125 mm
76,2 mm L.51 M.1936 F.G. PaK 36 (r) A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 128 mm
76,2 mm L.51 M.1936 F.G. PaK 36 (r) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 182 mm
A.P.H.E. et H.V.A.P. sont des types d'obus soviétiques capturés in large enough quantity to be used by the Wehrmacht.
76,2 mm L.54 PaK 54 (r) A.P.H.E. (M.1936) 104 mm
76,2 mm L.54 PaK 54 (r) H.V.A.P. (M.1942) 133 mm
76,2 mm L.54 PaK 54 (r) A.P. (Pz.Gr.) 133 mm
76,2 mm L.54 PaK 54 (r) A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40) 193 mm
Canons russes, et large stocks of ammunition were captured during the campaign, et subsequently employed by the Wehrmacht.

The Wehrmacht captured large numbers of guns, et enormous stockpiles of ammunition in the early campaigns of the war. In preparation for l'Invasion de l'URSS, many captured canons were upgraded et brought as near as possible to standards allemands. They were usually issued to Axis allied forces et legions serving en Russie. Second rate equipment was initially only issued to the least important units of the Wehrmacht, a policy which would change as equipment shortages became more pronounced during the campaign. The origin of captured equipment was noted in brackets, Français (f), Britannique (b), Tchèque (t), ou Russe (r).

Andy Reid

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Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale