Char Moyen Britannique A.16 Crusader III
Cruiser Tank Mk.VI

Char Moyen Britannique A.16 Crusader III, Cruiser Tank Mk.VI

Between 1941 et 1943 a total of 5,300 chars Crusader were produced, of which 144 were the more heavily armed et armoured A.16 Crusader III version. The Crusader III first saw action at the Second Bataille de El Alamein in Octobre 1942. The véhicule was very popular avec tank crews, et it sported a variety de schémas de camouflage which make it an interesting subject for modélistes. Following the Allied victory en Afrique du Nord en 1943, all remaining Crusaders were withdrawn, to be replaced by chars Sherman. Quelques Crusaders continued to serve as AA Tanks in NW Europe, mounting the 40 mm Bofors ou twin Oerlikon 20 mm anti-aircraft guns, others were used as tracteurs des canons antichar QF 17 pounder, but their career as a main battle tank had ended.

Maquettes disponibles

  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/35 Italeri 219
    • Crusader Gun Tractor Conversion Kit, 1/35 Accurate Armour C041
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/35 Revell 03075
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/72 Hasegawa MT26
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/76 Hinchliffe 20/1988
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/76 Airfix 02310
  • A.16 Crusader III, Cruiser Tank Mk.VI, 1/87 WTD 20
  • A.16 Crusader III, 15 mm Battlefront Miniatures BR034
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/285 GHQ UK30
  • A.16 Crusader III, 1/300 Heroics & Ros B008

Spécifications Techniques

  • A.16 Crusader III
  • Type: Cruiser Tank Mk.VI
  • Moteur: Nuffield Liberty L-12 avec 254 kw (340 hp)
  • Vitesse: 44 km/h sur route, 24 km/h tout terrain
  • Suspension: Christie
  • Autonomie: 322 km
  • Longueur: 7570 mm
  • Largeur: 3080 mm
  • Hauteur: 2680 mm
  • Poids: 2210 kg
  • Armement: canon QF 6 pounder de 57 mm L.45, mitrailleuse co-axiale de 7,92 mm
  • Armour Penetration at 0-100 m:
    • 84 mm using A.P./T. (1941)
    • 106 mm using A.P.C.B.C. (1943)
  • Équipage: chef de char/chargeur, conducteur, tireur
  • Year: Mars 1942–1943

Déploiement Historique

  • Armée Britannique, Afrique du Nord 1942
    • 2e Brigade Blindée (1re Division Blindée), 2nd El Alamein, Oct. 1942
    • 8e Brigade Blindée, 2d Bataille d'El Alamein, Octobre 1942
    • 9e Brigade Blindée, 2d Bataille d'El Alamein, Octobre 1942
    • 22e Brigade Blindée, 2d Bataille d'El Alamein, Octobre 1942
    • 24e Brigade Blindée, 2d Bataille d'El Alamein, Octobre 1942
  • Armée Britannique, 26e Brigade Blindée (6e Division Blindée), Tunisia 1943
    • 16th/5th Lancers
    • 17th/21st Lancers
    • 2nd Lothians et Border Horse

Possibilités de Conversions

A.14 Crusader I, using the internal gun mantlet et 2 pdr gun of the Matilda tank. Road wheels need to be filled in solid. The Crusader I had a secondary MG turret on the left forward hull, which proved a liability in combat. Some turrets were removed in the field.
A.15 Crusader II. A more complicated conversion, requiring full side skirts, et the unique gun mantlet for the 2 pdr. gun. Early Crusader II had the secondary turret on the hull front, but later versions did not.
Crusader III AA, Mk.II, NW Europe 1944
Crusader III AA, Mk.III, NW Europe 1944
Tracteur du Canon Antichar QF 17 pounder, NW Europe 1944

Les chars Crusader III put up a good fight against Panzer III et IV at El Alamein, et dans la Campagne de Tunisie. The Crusaders of 6e Division Blindée were more heavily armoured than earlier Crusader I et II models, et they mounted the more powerful 6 pdr. gun which offered 106 mm of armour penetration at 100 meters range et 0 degree inclination of armour. In contrast to slow-moving chars d'assaut like the A.12 Matilda, les chars Crusader were designed to take the initiative in fast-moving tank battles.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines Britanniques de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale