Char Moyen T-34/76.C Soviétique

Char Moyen T-34/76.C, Armée Soviétique, Seconde Guerre Mondiale

Le T-34 soviétique is considered the most successful tank of its time, it combined high speed, maneuverability et fuel economy, low silhouette, good armour protection et firepower. The véhicule had 60 mm of sloped frontal armour, as much as the modern Leopard II, making it immune to canons antichar de 37 mm PaK 35/36. Even the powerful 88 mm L.71 gun of the Jagdpanther tank destroyer had only a calculated 11% probability of penetrating the T-34's sloped frontal armour at 500 m range. By comparison, le char Tiger I allemand was twice as heavy, but it lacked the sloped armour which would have reduced the probability of an effective hit against it by as much as 34%.

Cavalry Breakthrough Tank

The T-34's four stroke V2 diesel engine, was small, light-weight, powerful, et relatively economical. The T-34 consumed 480 litres of diesel fuel over its cruising range of 300 km, compared to the Tiger tank which consumed 535 liters of petrol per 100 km, on level ground. Many Tigers were lost when they ran out of fuel et could not be recovered later.

Tactically, the T-34 fell into the N.P.P. category soviétique of "Cavalry" Breakthrough ou Flanking Tanks, it was the workhorse de la brigade de chars et la brigade mécanisée. The wartime economy soviétique focused on tank production almost exclusively, et the only available véhicules de transport de troupes were automitrailleuses M3 White américaines supplied under lend-lease. As a result, unités d'infanterie motorisée soviétiques typically rode their attached chars T-34 into battle. These tankoviy desant fantassins portés d'élite have not been covered a l'échelle 1/72 plastic yet, they would be an important addition to any collection of forces blindées soviétiques.

Maquettes disponibles

  • T-34/76.C, 1/48 Tamiya 32515
  • T-34/76.C, 1/72 ESCI
  • T-34/76.C (cast turret), 1/72 UniModel UM72325
  • T-34/76.C, 1/72 Italeri 7008
  • T-34/76.C, 1/76 Matchbox 40082
  • T-34/76.C, 1/76 Matchbox/Revell 03154
  • T-34/76.C M.42/43, 1/76 Ostmodels R45
    • T-34.C 1942 ZAVOD NR-27 Uparmour, Conv. Kit, 1/76 VUC C-110
  • T-34/76.C, 1/87 miniTanks 1237
  • T-34/76.C, 1/87 WTD 5
  • T-34/76.C avec Tourelle STZ, 1/87 ROCO 160
  • T-34/76.C, 1:100 Roskopf 152

Spécifications Techniques

  • T-34/76.C
  • Type: N.P.P. Breakthrough Tank
  • Moteur: V-12 cylinder diesel, 372 kw
  • Vitesse: 50 km/h sur route
  • Capacité essence: l
  • Autonomie: 300 km
  • Longueur: 5920 mm
  • Largeur: 3000 mm
  • Hauteur: 2400 mm
  • Poids: 27.813 kg
  • Armement: canon de 76,2 mm L.42 F-34; two DT 7.62 mm MGs; DChK 12.7 mm AA-MG
  • Équipage: chef de char, conducteur, tireur, et chargeur

Bibliographie

Déploiement Historique

  • Armée Soviétique, 1942-1945
  • Armée Polonaise de l'Est (LWP), 1944-1945

Possibilités de Conversions

  • T-34/76.D avec the larger hexagonal turret et «Mickey Mouse» twin hatches. Turret conversion kits available from Vac-U-Cast include different pedestals to mount these turrets on chars T-34 de chez Airfix, Matchbox ou Fujimi.
  • Version char d'assaut T-43/76.D du T-34/76.D, convertie comme ci-dessus, but avec additional frontal armour plating made from plastic card.
  • T-34/85 retrofit, mounting a new 85 mm L.54 gun turret on an old hull. A suitable turret could be scrounged from the Fujimi T-34/85 kit.

Over 40,000 of the cheap et effective T-34s were built, et they outnumbered the expensive et complicated Tigers et Panthers by a factor of 6 to 1. As is often the case in business et guerre, les Allemands did not internalize the important lessons of the early Blitzkrieg campaigns, whereas l'Armée Soviétique learned from its defeats et prevailed eventually. Dinosaurs like the legendary Tiger tank end up in museums, but Volkswagens like the T-34 continue to serve even today.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines de l'Armée Soviétique