Char Moyen Panzer III Allemand
Sd.Kfz. 141

Désignations des Véhicules Allemands

Char Moyen Panzer III Ausf. L

Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf. L painted 7021 Schwarzgrau using Tamiya XF63 mixed avec 30% white for scale effect. The Matchbox véhicule may be used as an earlier Ausf. J (late model) which was outwardly very similar. Joueurs de Guerre might convert the véhicule to an Ausf. N support véhicule, using a spare 75 mm L.24 gun taken from the Airfix Panzer IV Ausf. F1/F2 model kit, even if the applique armour on the hull front et gun mantlet is incorrect for the Ausf. N configuration. The Sturmpanzer III conversion is not realy necessary, because ESCI et Nitto offer an Ausf. N a l'échelle 1/72 et 1/76 respectively.

Panzer III became a support véhicule when the Panzer IV took over the role of main battle tank. Panzer IV et Panzer III actually switched roles: Panzer III Ausf. N received the short 75 mm L.24 of the Panzer IV Ausf. F1 support véhicule, which in turn was converted to Panzer IV Ausf. F2 avec the long 75 mm L.43 gun. Production of the Panzer III ceased en 1943. Available chassis of the Panzer III were used for a variety of tank-destroyer et assault artillery conversions, et spare turrets from these converted véhicules were used as gun emplacements along the Atlantic Wall.

The table lists véhicule the designations of 5644 chars Panzer III, Flammpanzer III et Sturmpanzer III produced for service dans l'armée allemande et roumaine.

Type de Panzer III 1/72 Maquettes 1/76 Maquettes
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. A
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1937
10 véhicules of this type were produced en 1937, eight of which were armed avec the 37 mm L.45 KwK 35. They served avec 1., 2. et 3. Panzerdivision during the 1938 Anschluss of the Sudetenland et the 1939 Invasion of Poland. The unarmed véhicules were used for testing.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. B
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1937
Comme ci-dessus, but avec a number of refinements. 15 véhicules of this type were produced en 1937, et they served during the Invasion of Poland. Five véhicules were converted to prototypes of the Sturmgeschütz III assault gun en 1940.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. C
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1937-38
Comme ci-dessus, but avec a number of additional refinements. 15 Véhicules were produced en 1938 et a number of them served during the Invasion of Poland.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. D
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1938
Comme ci-dessus, but avec a number of additional refinements. 55 Véhicules were produced en 1938 et 1939, of which only 30 véhicules were armed to serve in the invasions of Poland et Norway. The remaining 25 véhicules were used for testing.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. E
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1938-39
Commander Series Hinchliffe 20/155
96 véhicules of this type were produced from Décembre 1938 until Octobre 1939. Ausf. E received the new Maybach HL 120 TR engine et it weighed 19.5 tons compared to only 16 tons of the earlier variants. Between Août 1940 et 1942 all remaining Ausf. E received the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38 gun which penetrated 69 mm of armour at 100 meters, using A.P. rounds, compared to only 41 mm for the earlier 37 mm gun.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. F
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1939-40
Hinchliffe 20/155A
435 véhicules of this type were produced from Septembre 1939 until Juillet 1940. The last batch of 100 of these véhicules received the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38, whereas the earlier production models had been equipped avec the 37 mm L.45 KwK 35/36. Remaining véhicules of the earlier production were upgraded to the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38 between between Août 1940 et 1942, et they were also uparmoured at that time. En 1942 et 1943 any remaining Ausf. F were fitted avec the long 5,0 cm L.60 KwK 39 which penetrated 99 mm of armour at 100 meters, using A.P. rounds. Upgunned et uparmoured Panzer III Ausf. F served avec 116. Panzerdivision in Normandy en 1944. Panzer III Ausf. F had a rack of five lance-pots fumigène at the turret rear.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. G
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1940-41
MMS
600 véhicules of this type were produced from Avril 1940 until Février 1941. An early production batch of 50 véhicules received the 37 mm L.45 KwK 35/36. Later production véhicules received the more powerful 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38. Remaining véhicules of the earlier production were upgraded to the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38 between between Août 1940 et 1942. Panzer III Ausf. G was fitted avec a Gepäckkasten stowage box at the turret rear, popularly know as Rommelkiste, which later became standard for all Panzer III variants.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. H
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1940-41
Admiral Toys
308 véhicules of this type were produced from Octobre 1940 until Avril 1941. The véhicule mounted the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38 in a newly designed turret. The gun mantlet now had 30 mm of armour. Additional 30 mm armour plates were bolted to the superstructure front, hull front et rear. Increased armour protection raised the weight of the Panzer III Ausf. H to 21,8 tons, et the extra weight required an improved suspension system. En 1942 et 1943 the Ausf. H was fitted avec the more powerful 5,0 cm L.60 KwK 39.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J (totif)
(Sd.Kfz. 141) 1941-42
SSG 3
1549 véhicules of this type were produced from Mars 1941 until Juillet 1942. They were equipped avec the 5,0 cm L.42 KwK 38. The véhicule was uparmoured to 50 mm frontal armour, et from Avril 1942, a further 20 mm of applique armour was added to the gun mantlet et superstructure front. This version of the Panzer III J was the last véhicule of the series designated Sd.Kfz 141.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. J (tardif)
(Sd.Kfz. 141/1) 1941-42
"Mark III Special"
SSG 4
Comme ci-dessus, but armed avec the more powerful 5,0 cm L.60 KwK 39. This version of the Panzer III J was the first véhicule of the series designated Sd.Kfz. 141/1, et it was nicknamed "Mark III Special" by les troupes britanniques who first encountered it en Afrique du Nord.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. L
(Sd.Kfz. 141/1) 1942
Matchbox 40074
653 véhicules of this type were produced from Juin 1942 until Décembre 1942. Ausf. L is outwardly similar to the late Ausf. J described above. The turret armour was increased from 30 to 57 mm. The superstructure front received an additional 20 mm of applique armour which was also sometimes applied to the gun mantlet. Véhicules serving in North Afrika received additional air et improved oil filters, et they were designated Ausf. L(Tp). Many Panzer III Ausf. L received hull et turret armour skirts as a stand-off device designed to prematurely detonate panzerfaust et bazooka hollow-charge warheads.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. M
(Sd.Kfz. 141/1) 1942-43
ESCI Nitto
250 véhicules of this type were produced from Octobre 1942 to Février 1943. They mounted the 5,0 cm L.60 KwK 39. Panzer III Ausf. M was fitted avec improved deep wading equipment which had been developed for the Tauchpanzer III submersible tank. Modified mufflers were mounted high on the hull rear, et the rack of five smoke dischargers at the hull rear was replaced by three 90 mm NbK smoke dischargers mounted on either side of the turret. Véhicules produced en 1943 were fitted avec hull et turret armour skirts. Many Ausf. M were later converted en canons d'assaut Sturmgeschütz III ou véhicules d'appui Ausf. N.
Pz.Kpfw. III Ausf. N
Sturmpanzer III
(Sd.Kfz. 141/2) 1942-43
ESCI Nitto
663 véhicules of this type were produced from Juin 1942 until Août 1943, et 37 older Panzer III variants were converted to the Ausf. N configuration. Panzer III Ausf. N was a support véhicule mounting the short 75 mm L.24 KwK 37 which had previously been mounted in Panzer IV Ausf. F1. When Panzer IV Ausf. F1 was converted to the F2 main battle tank configuration, the short 75 mm gun became available for use in the Panzer III. Support véhicules of this type were also known as chars d'assaut Sturmpanzer III. Because of the weight of the gun, Panzer III Ausf. N did not received the 20 mm of applique armour which had been used to protect previous variants. La 1re Division Blindée roumaine received 10 Panzer III Ausf. N in Octobre 1942 to replace some of its obsolete chars Skoda S-11-a, designate R-2 en service roumaine.
Pz.Kpfw. III (Flamm) Ausf. M
Flammpanzer III
(Sd.Kfz. 141/3) 1943
ESCI
100 Panzer III Ausf. M were converted to Flammpanzer III, designated Sd.Kfz. 141/3, between Février et Avril 1943. These véhicules were meant to assist infantry in built-up areas where enemy strongpoints could be very costly to eliminate otherwise. Flammpanzer III did not arrive at the front in time to save the Stalingrad garrison, et the entire design proved faulty when the véhicule finally entered combat. Many Flammpanzer III were reconverted en chars de combat Ausf. M, et only 10 chars lance-flammes remained in service as late as 1945.

The table list 1/72 et 1/76 scale model kits which match the official véhicule designations. Not every Panzerkampfwagen III is available in miniature yet, but it is hoped that the remaining gaps may be filled eventually.

Questions Fréquents

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Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale