Char Moyen Panzer IV Allemand

Désignations des Véhicules Allemands

Char Moyen Allemand Panzer IV Ausf. G3, 1/72 Maquette ESCI

Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf. G3 de la collection de Jim Gordon. The ESCI véhicule is shown in winter camouflage.

The table lists désignations des chars Panzer IV en service allemand et de l'Axe. Panzerkampfwagen IV was originally designed as a support véhicule. Panzer IV platoons were deployed behind the attacking Panzer I, Panzer II, et Panzer III platoons, a position which enabled them to provide long-range direct HE fire against positions de canon antichar enemy.

Panzer IV made the transition to a main battle tank en 1943, when Panzer III had become obsolete. Panzer IV et Panzer III actually switched roles: Panzer IV Ausf. F2 upgraded to the long 75 mm L.43 gun, et Panzer III Ausf. N received the short 75 mm L.24 of the Panzer IV Ausf. F1 support véhicule. Panzer IV was the only char allemand to remain in production throughout the war.

Type de Panzer IV 1/72 Maquette 1/76 Maquette
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. A
Direct fire support véhicule mounting the 75 mm L.24 Sturmkanone 37. Panzer IV Ausf. A had 20 mm of armour all around, an internal gun mantlet, vision slits in the commander's cupola, et a staggered front upper hull plate. The véhicule had a maximum road speed of 24 mph. There is a picture of at least one Panzer IV. Ausf. A serving avec Rommel en Afrique du Nord.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. B Crusader Models CMB50a
Comme ci-dessus, except that it was equipped avec a more reliable engine.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. C Hinchliffe 20/193
Comme ci-dessus, but avec a number of additional refinements.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. D Crusader Models CMB50b
Direct fire support véhicule mounting the 75 mm L.24 Sturmkanone 37. Panzer IV Ausf. D had 30 mm of frontal armour, et an external gun mantlet. Deployed avec Rommel in Africa.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. E
Direct fire support véhicule mounting the 75 mm L.24 Sturmkanone 37. Panzer IV Ausf. E had additional 30 mm plates bolted onto the hull front, increasing its frontal armour to 60 mm. The turret front was not be upgraded, because the ventilator openings located there had to be kept open. Deployed avec Rommel in Africa.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. F1 CDC Airfix 02308
Direct fire support véhicule mounting the 75 mm L.24 Sturmkanone 37. Panzer IV Ausf. F1 had 50 mm of frontal armour, et the commander's cupola received bullet-proof glass vision ports.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. F2 Airfix 02308
Field upgrade of the F1, fitted avec the longer L.43 gun. Les Britanniques en Afrique du Nord referred to the F2 as the Mark IV Special. It was this véhicule which took on the role of main battle tank when the Panzer III had become obsolete. Available canons d'assaut de 75 mm L.24 Sturmkanone were mounted in canons automoteurs StuG. III Ausf. D, chars Panzer III Ausf. N, autochenilles Sd.Kfz. 250/8 et 251/9 which now adopted the fire support role previously fulfilled by the Panzer IV.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. G1
Field upgrade of the F2, using a bolted ou welded on 30 mm applique armour kit which gave the véhicule a total of 80 mm of frontal armour, except that the turret front remained at 50 mm of armour. The additional armour made the véhicule nose-heavy, et it resulted in excessive wear of the leading bogie wheels. Panzer IV Ausf. G are easy to spot in photos, they show a noticeable tilt forward, especially on soft ground. This véhicule retained the L.43 gun of the F2, et the rubber bogie wheels.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. G2
Same as the G1, but mounting the longer L.48 gun. Nose-heavy, véhicule tilts forward noticeably.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. G3 ESCI 1/87 ROCO
Standard factory upgrade of the F2, avec 80 mm of frontal armour, and the L.48 gun. Nose-heavy. The suspension bogie wheels were redesigned to correct this problem, but the véhicule still tilted forward noticeably.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. H ESCI Fujimi 76012
Factory upgrade of the G3, avec improved front suspension. The bogie wheels were again redesigned to correct the excessive tire wear, but the problem persisted. The véhicule was fitted avec turret et side skirts as a protection against hollow charge warheads.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. J CDC
Same as the H series, but avec solid metal front bogie wheels. US et Allied bombing raids against bearing factories en Allemagne resulted in production problems which cost the Panzer IV its turret traverse motor. The hand-cranked turret of the Ausf. J was a significant disadvantage in combat. The véhicule mounted a Nahverteidigungswaffe arme de défense rapprochée.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. K1
(Projection)
n.a. n.a.
It is a mystery why the Panzer IV series was never upgraded to Ausf. K, using the sloped hull front of the Jagdpanzer IV. With 80 mm of sloped frontal armour, the Panzer IV Ausf. K would have extended the useful life of the Panzer IV series de chars. The reduction in nose weight solves the bogie wheel problem as well as the associated transmission et steering problems which plagued the uparmoured Panzer IV. This modification could have been issued as a field workshop upgrade kit for the Panzer IV Ausf. G to J series. Doing so would have been easier et cheaper than designing et introducing the new Panzer V (Panther) series. This projected véhicule may be converted using parts from a standard Panzer IV et the Jagdpanzer IV, it would be interesting to test in a simulation game.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. K2
(Projection)
n.a. n.a.
Standard factory version of the K1, fitted avec lance-pots fumigène.
Pz.Kpfw. IV Ausf. L
(Projection)
n.a. n.a.
This projected véhicule should have had the entire hull front redesigned to 80 mm of sloped armour. The corresponding weight saving would have solved the suspension problems, et it would have allow the turret front to be uparmoured to 80 mm. The gun should have received a fume extractor on the barrel, copied directly from a captured American M36 Jackson tank destroyer. The fume extractor is a prerequisite for the turret uparmour conversion, otherwise the built-up of smoke inside the turret would render le char inoperable very quickly. The Panzer IV had ventilator openings in the turret front which had to be kept open in combat, effectively preventing a turret uparmour conversion.

The table list 1/72 et 1/76 scale model kits which match the official véhicule designations. Not every Panzerkampfwagen IV is available in miniature yet, but it is hoped that the remaining gaps may be filled eventually.

Historical Employment

  • Allemagne, 1937–1945
  • Roumanie, from Septembre 1942
  • Hongrie, from Septembre 1942
  • Italie, from Mai 1943
  • Turquie, from Mai 1943
  • Bulgarie, from Février 1943
  • Espagne, from Novembre 1943
  • Independent State de Croatie, from late 1944
  • Finland, 1946–1962
  • Syrie, 1962–1967

Andrew Mark Reid

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Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale