Char Moyen Allemand Panzer V Ausf. G »Panther«

A German Panzer V »Panther« Ausf. G in Houffalize, 22 km northeast of Bastogne

A German Panzer V »Panther« Ausf. G in Houffalize, 22 km northeast of Bastogne. This tank of the 116th Panzer Division was recovered from the Ourthe river in 1948 where it had been resting in the water since the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944. The vehicle originally carried the turret number 111.

Char Moyen Allemand Panzer V Ausf. G »Panther«, 1/76 Maquette Matchbox

Matchbox 1/76 scale Panzerkampfwagen Panther Ausf. G airbrushed in a camouflage de trois couleurs. Le char Panther allemand was a medium tank developed in response to the chars moyens T-34 soviétiques which had caused the Wehrmacht so much grief en 1941. The first two design proposals for the Panther medium tank were submitted by Mercedes et MAN in Avril 1942 for evaluation. The MAN proposal was accepted in Mai 1942, et a prototype was tested at the Heereswaffenamt facilities Kummersdorf in Septembre. Because of the high demand for the new medium tank, the Panther was rushed into production et the first véhicules took the field in Décembre of 1942. Not surprisingly, the early production models suffered from a number of serious mechanical problems which caused many breakdowns et véhicule losses.

Of the 250 chars Panther rushed to the front in time for the Bataille de Kursk (Operation Citadel), 4 - 20 Juillet 1943, more than 80 percent were defective by the end of the first day of battle, because engines had overheated et caught fire, ou transmissions failed. These problems were eventually solved, et the Panther tank became the best medium tank design de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Captured et requisitioned chars Panther continued to serve in l’armée française until the 1950s, et the char léger AMX-13 français, designed en 1952, was equipped avec a licensed version du canon de 75 mm du Panther allemand manufactured by DEFA. It is interesting to note that le canon longue de 75 mm du Panther offered much better armour penetration que le canon court de 88 mm du char Tiger I.

Chars Panther capturés were very popular avec équipages de char soviétiques, who received them as rewards for extraordinary achievements in combat et attempted to keep them operational as long as possible. Even the Pantherfibel manual was translated en russe. In response to the Panther, l’armée soviétique quickly deployed upgunned chars moyens T-34/85, as well as canons automoteurs SU-85 et SU-100 chasseurs de chars.

Maquettes disponibles

  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/72 Hasegawa MT9
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G avec steel wheels (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/72 Hasegawa MT37
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/72 ESCI 8363
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/72 Revell 03109
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/76 Airfix 01302
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/76 Matchbox 40073
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 1/76 Nitto
    • Ausf. D, Conversion Kit, 1/76 Vac-U-Cast C-106
    • Pz.Beob.Wg., Conversion Kit, 1/76 Vac-U-Cast C-109
    • 37 mm Pz.FlaK, Conversion Kit, 1/76 Vac-U-Cast C-120
    • Ausf. G (Sperber) Conversion, avec Zielgerät ZG 1221 IR Spotlight
  • Pz.Kpfw. V, Panther Ausf. G (Sd.Kfz. 171), 15 mm Forged in Battle P-52

Spécifications techniques

  • Panzerkampfwagen V Panther Ausf. G, Sonderkraftfahrzeug 171
  • Type: Char Moyen
  • Moteur: Maybach HL 230 P 45, 12-cylinder, 23000 cc, avec 700 hp
  • Vitesse: 46 km/h sur route, 24 km/h en terrain
  • Capacité des réservoirs: 720 l
  • Autonomie: 177 km sur route, 89 km en terrain
  • Longueur: 8860 mm
  • Largeur: 3430 mm
  • Height: 3100 mm
  • Poids: 45500 kg
  • Armement: 75 mm L.70 KwK 42,
    mitrailleuses de 7,92 mm au caisse, tourelle, et d’antiaérienne
  • Armour Penetration at 0–100 m
    • 170 mm using A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39)
    • 210 mm using A.P. (Pz.Gr. 42)
    • 239 mm using A.P.C.R. (Pz.Gr. 40)
    • 298 mm using A.P.D.S. (Pz.Gr. 44)
  • Équipage: chef de char, conducteur, tireur, chargeur, radio-pourvoyeur
  • Production: Mars 1944 – Avril 1945 (2,953 units)

Déploiement Historique

  • Armée Allemande, Mars 1944 – Avril 1945
  • Armée Soviétique, 1943–1945
  • Armée Française, 1945–1950

The Panther tank was needed to replace the obsolete Panzer III medium tank, which had already been relegated to the support role. When the Panther appeared in sufficient numbers, it was used to equip one of the two tank bataillons des divisions blindées allemandes, while the second tank bataillon operated the still useful chars moyens Panzer IV. By Juin 1944, approximately half of the strength des chars de l’Armée Allemande consisted des chars moyens Panther.

Questions Fréquents

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Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale