Simulation games like Crossfire, Fire and Fury, Empire III, et Volley & Bayonet use markers to indicate the morale status of pinned, disordered, ou routed troops on the wargame table. Sometimes these markers are yellow et red cardboard rectangles which litter the gaming table et detract from the visiual appeal of beautifully painted miniatures et scenic effects, but in recent years status markers have become a popular miniature wargame accessory.
Fire and Fury was among the first popular rule sets which propagated the use of a cleverly designed range of miniature status markers which facilitate gameplay et are nice to look at. It takes some time to make these markers, time which might otherwise have be spent painting more combat troops, but the effort is well worth it. Marqueurs de pertes indicating pinned ou disordered unit status are the most common markers used in wargames, et most manufacturers now offer metal ou resin castings des pertes to supplement their existing figurine ranges. Collectionistes of 1/72 scale plastic figurines are fortunate in that they may create their own figurine perte simply by converting unwanted figurine poses found in a particular figurine set.
Marqueurs de Pertes d'Infanterie Britannique
The old Atlantic Infanterie Britannique set is an excellent source of figurines pertes. Most of the soldiers in this set are marred by silly poses et inaccurate equipment. However, the basic uniform, weapons, et faces are nicely detailed et these figurines convert well to équipage de véhicule ou pertes. To supplement the rejects, consider converting some of your prime figurines en pertes as well, because these will match the troops on your wargame stands.
Marqueurs de Pertes d'Infanterie Parachutiste Britannique
Airfix Parachutistes Britanniques are easily converted en figurines pertes. Many of the paras can be used avec only minor modification to relax the pose et make the perte look convincing. Conversion de figurines en pertes is one great way to finally use the many superfluous et downright silly figurine poses in this set. Unfortunately, the exceptional 1/32 scale Airfix Parachutistes were never released a l'échelle 1/76, although ESCI produced some a l'échelle 1/72 hard plastic, et several Chinese manufacturers offer crude 1/72 scale copies of them.
A convincing figurine perte appears to be completely relaxed. This is the key to conversion en figurine perte: all movement must be arrested, et the figurine should be flat on the ground.
- Relax the head. Most figurines are sculpted avec their heads held straight, looking ahead. To model a fallen soldier lying on his back ou front, cut the head off et turn it to one side. Les pertes britanniques en casque Brodie are an exception. The helmet supports the head when the soldier is lying on his back, et overextends it. To model this pose, cut the head off, pin it in a noticeably overextended position, et fill the resulting gap avec putty ou filler wax.
- Relax the torso. Pertes lying on their backs should have the backpack removed to ensure that the figurine can be flattened on the base.
- Relax the arms. Figurines avançant are easy to convert to casualies, if their arms are in a relatively relaxed pose to begin with. In most cases, one ou both arms need to be straightened to ensure that the entire body will conform to the ground. Le parachutistes britannique tombé, third from the left in the picture above, rests on sloping ground so that his right arm conforms to the ground without the need to modify the pose. Otherwise his shoulder would have had to be repositioned.
- Relax the hands. Empty hands should be open et placed flat on the ground, palm up ou down. Cut the hand off at the wrist et reposition it accordingly. Hands holding weapons et equipment should be flat on the ground, otherwise they would have bent et the soldier might have let go of the object. Use spackling to create a small rise in the ground which happens to support the wrist.
- Relax the legs. If the perte is lying on his back, the legs should be relatively straight, et turned out to the sides. Select a standing figurine which is not moving much to begin with. Cut the figurine off the base carefully, keeping the boots intact. Remodel the soles by cutting a wedge out of the instep to define the soles et the heels. Cut the feet off above the anklet et turn them out more to relax the legs further. Alternatively, if the figurine is moving et the legs are bent sharply at the knee, place the perte on his face. Leave the legs bent at the knee, but turn the boots out as mentioned above to flatten the legs.
- Finally, place the perte on its base et sculpt the terrain underneath it to completely support the figurine. Sometimes it's simply not possible to take all the movement out of a particular pose, et the terrain needs to provide a convincing excuse why an arm is supported a few inches above the body, ou why the legs are not fully relaxed at the knees. The base et the spackling compound will protect la figurine perte fragile which has been chopped up into so many tiny pieces.
- If nothing else works, place static grass closely around an offending body part to hide the fact that it's not touching the ground.
- Paint marqueurs de pertes in two distinct base colours, green et brown, to differentiate pinned et supressed morale.
- Use your imagination to create particularly gory pertes, if you must.
Converting figurines pertes is a fun et easy introduction into conversion des figurines. Modélistes can learn a lot about anatomy et posture by taking plastic figurines completely apart et reassembling them in a relaxed pose.
Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.