Grenadiers Russes des Guerres Napoléoniennes, 1812–1814

Revue de Figurines d'ESCI au 1/72

18e (1re Westphalien) Régiment Infanterie Prussien, utilisant des Grenadiers Russes, 1/72 Figurines ESCI P-236

Soldats du 18e (1r Westphalien) Régiment d'Infanterie prussien, 1813–1815. We've used Grenadiers Russes de chez ESCI for this conversion. Les quatre hommes on the right flank of the unit, two loading et deux à genoux, had le Kiwer (shako) replaced by a Schirmmütze taken from Airfix Landwehr Prussienne. Les quatre hommes in the center are unchanged, except that a loading grenadier has been converted en porte-drapeau. The musket has been removed et replaced by 0.6 mm pianowire. The flag was made from paper, it shows the Iron Cross which was introduced on 10 Mars 1813. The volunteer Jägers in front of the unit are fusiliers prussiens de chez ESCI, avec le bicorne replaced by a shako.

Contenu

50 Figurines avec 15 poses – 23 mm correspondent à 166 cm hauteur de corps

  • Officier grenadier, pointing
  • Officier grenadier, avançant
  • Trompette grenadier
  • Tambour grenadier
  • Grenadier Russe, marchant (3)
  • Grenadier Russe, chargeant (6)
  • Grenadier Russe, tirant (6)
  • Grenadier Russe, a genou, tirant (6)
  • Grenadier Russe, avançant (6)
  • Grenadier Russe, avançant avec baïonnette au canon (6)
  • Grenadier Russe, ramming charge (3)
  • Grenadier Russe, cocking hammer (3)
  • Grenadier Russe, fighting (3)
  • Grenadier Russe, a genou (3)
  • Grenadier Russe, blessé

Guerre et Paix

Infanterie Russe du Régiment Libava, 1812

Les troupes russes participated in most of the campagnes importantes des Guerres Napoléoniennes, including la guerre de libération allemande et l'occupation de Paris en 31 Mars 1814. Napoléon was banished to Elba, France returned to its 1792 borders et Bourbon rule was restored. With the war finally over, l'armée russe began its long march home. Only 11 month later, Napoléon returned to France et raised a new army. Les forces russes were directed to turn around et marched back toward le théâtre militaire, but the allied victory at Waterloo decided the issue before les Russes were even close enough to join the fight.

The ESCI figurines are sculpted in the 1812 uniform, avec the famous Kiwer. Les soldats russes portaient a very practical uniform, which was gradually adopted by other armies as well. A comfortable greatcoat, the Shinel, often replaced the uniform coat on campaign. When not worn, the Shinel was rolled up et carried across the left shoulder, offering some protection against sabre cuts. The rolled greatcoat était un vêtement distinguant de l'habit russe, as can be seen in many 1812 uniform plates, like that of the Libava Regiment (7th Division, 2nd Brigade) above.

Évaluation

  • Excellent Detail. Shakos et cords, buttons, cuffs et facings, crossbelts, ammo pouches, knapsacks, canteens, boots, weapons et metal fittings are clearly visible.
  • Useful historic poses. Les figurines avançant, tirant et loading allow the formation of very realistic et cohesive looking wargame units.
  • The figurines are generic enough that they can be painted as Guards, Grenadiers, Mousquetaires, Carabiniers, Jägers et Marines. The main distinction being the metal badge on the shako, a double-eagle in the Guard Regiments, crossed cannons for artillery, three-flamed grenades for grenadiers in standing Grenadier Regiments et those in the line Elite Companies, ou a single grenade for Mousquetaires, Jägers et Marines of the line. The three-flamed grenade sculpted on these figurines can be painted over pour représenter des autres plaques de shako.
  • Excellent casting quality, very little flash. These soldiers are a delight to paint, because the raised detail remains visible even after the figurines are undercoated.
  • The Kiwer (shako) can be used for many interesting conversion, it was worn by hussards, chasseurs à cheval et artilleurs à pied russes.
  • Only 36% of the figurines are shown wearing the typical rolled greatcoat across the shoulder, the others seem to have discarded it. When the figurines are displayed in formations, the resulting mix of uniforms et equipment is not historically accurate. Manufacturers need to make a decision about sculpting their figurines in full-dress ou campaign uniform et then be consistent avec it. Anything else is a disappointment for the collectioniste serious et historien militaire.
  • Les grenadiers russes did wear their tall plumes en campagne, pour se distinguer des mousquetaires. It is very unfortunate that the plumes were omitted on these figurines. The conversion is rather difficult et time consuming, it would have been easier to have the plumes on the shako et cut them off when they are not needed.
  • Some figurines are sculpted without the sabre et bayonet scabbard, but they still wear the crossbelt to which the scabbards were attached! In the unlikely event that a soldier decided to discard the sabre et bayonet, he would have dropped the entire bandolier. An inexcusable mistake, considering the vast amount of available uniform information covering l'armée russe de 1812. It is surprising that such mistakes are made at all, et that expensive molds are produced from obviously inaccurate master figurines.
  • Portes-drapeau not included. One of the officiers et three grenadiers, particularly the man loading his musket, can easily be converted en porte-drapeau. The conversion involves removing the weapon et pushing a flagstaff made from 0.6 mm pianowire through the figurine's hands.

Déploiement Historique

  • Standing Grenadiers, 1812–1814 (portent des plumes hautes sur la Kiwer normalement)
  • Converged Grenadiers, formés des compagnies de grenadiers des (2e) bataillons de dépôt de l'infanterie de ligne, 1812–1814 (portent des plumes hautes sur la Kiwer normalement)
  • Élites de ligne, appelés grenadiers dans les régiments de mousquetaires et carabiniers dans les régiments de chasseurs à pied (Jäger), 1812–1814 (portent des plumes hautes sur la Kiwer normalement)

Possibilités de Conversions

  • Musketiers 1812–1814
  • Jägers 1812–1814
  • Marines 1812–1814
  • Guards 1812–1814 (normally wearing tall plumes on the Kiwer)
  • 1re et 2e Brigade de la légion russo-allemande 1812 au Mars 1815, transferred au service prussien thereafter:
    • 30e (4e Rhénanien) Régiment d'Infanterie, Prusse 1815
    • 31e (3e Magdebourgien) Régiment d'Infanterie, Prusse 1815
  • Le Kiwer can be used to convert hussards et artilleurs prussiens into the equivalent russe.

Les Grenadiers Russes de chez ESCI are correctly proportioned et wonderfully detailed, they look very realistic after painting. Soldats russes en Kiwer are exceptionally popular avec collectionistes et joueurs de guerre, because this is the uniform worn in the decisive 1812 et 1813 campaigns. Les Russes se battent a Smolensk, Borodino, Lützen (Großgörschen), Bautzen, Dresde, Kulm, at the Bataille de Nations (Leipzig) et many other engagements. En 1814, they marched into Paris alongside the allied armies. Unfortunately, l'armée russe des Guerres Napoléoniennes is virtually ignored by manufacturers of 1/72 scale figurines, despite the fact that the 1812 campaign is the most popular wargame subject et le Russes are needed to simulate the event. ESCI deserves praise for these attractive et versatile miniatures. It is hoped that dragons, cuirassiers, artillerie à pied, Cosaques et Opolchenie (milice) russes will become available some day, enabling the collectioniste et joueur de guerre to raise les armées russes victorious de 1812 au 1814.

Autres Revues des Figurines et Maquettes ESCI

Bibliographie

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines des Guerres Napoléoniennes