Figurines d'Infanterie Italienne de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, 1939–1944

Revue de Figurines d'Airfix / HaT Industrie au 1/76

Infanterie Italienne de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale, 1939–1944, 1/76 Figurines HaT Industrie 7007

Les uniformes tempérés et tropicals italiens were of very similar cut, et these figurines may be painted pour représenter either type. Another interesting conversion would be to replace some steel helmets avec the tropical helmet issued en Afrique du Nord. The figurines show a lot of crisp detail which will pain beautifully. The unusually low number of poses suggests that Airfix put this figurine set into production even though it had not been completed by the sculptor. As a result, all support weapons at platoon et company level are missing, such as the light et medium machine guns et mortars one would expect to see in a miniatures set of this quality.

Regio Esercito

Les troupes italiennes showed dash et courage in combat, a fact easily ignored in the wake of post-war ridicule of the army's performance. If des formations italiennes were no match for the adversaires alliés et allemands, blame must be placed on the fascist regime which poorly prepared the army for the job it had to do. Careful study will reveal a number of contributing factors:

  • Inexperienced leadership. The majority of officiers subalternes were drawn from a pool of inexperienced jeunes hommes avec a university education et very little military training. Ces officiers de réserve avaient été enrôlés pour 18 mois de service militaire, commissioned, et released a la vie civile again. Upon mobilization nearly 20,000 of them were called up annually, et assigned primarily to infantry formations. Inadequate leadership training, et the shortage of combat experienced officiers subalternes would negatively effect the cohesion of infantry platoons et companies.
  • Inadequate Equipment. Infantry weapons at platoon et company level were substandard. The 6,5 mm Mannlicher-Carcano rifle stands out as particularly inadequate, it had a much shorter range, lower accuracy et stopping power than the rifles used by other nations. Les pistolets mitrailleur Beretta de 9 mm were excellent weapons, but the standard squad light machine gun again fired the inadequate 6,5 mm rifle ammunition. The 8 mm Breda heavy machine gun had a complicated loading mechanism which significantly reduced its rate of fire. Les mitrailleuses légères et lourdes were known to jam easily, particularly if the ammunition was not well lubricated.
  • Armes antichar inéfficaces. L'armée italienne fielded a copy du canon antichar de 47 mm Böhler autrichien, which proved dangerously inadequate against Allied armour. Artillery units had to be deployed well forward to provide the infanterie avec some protection antichar. The artillery served avec great distinction, but the practise of forward deployment resulted in enormous personnel et equipment losses.
  • Flimsy armour plating. Many véhicules italiens were well designed from a mechanical point of view, but armour plating technology was well behind that of other nations. Le blindage italien had a tendency to crack when hit. Chars italiens were at a tremendous disadvantage in combat, unable to penetrate opposing chars d'assaut, et easily knocked out by a variety of armes antichar enemy. Chars italiens also suffered from a lack of power, they were inadequately protected et slow, a deadly combination.
  • Insufficient strategic mobility. Formations d'infanterie italienne serving en Afrique du Nord were inadequately motorized. If a defensive position had to be given up, unités motorisées allemandes et blindées italiennes easily re-deployed to another defensive line, but the foot troops were often left behind, cut off et captured.

Taken together, poor leadership, low firepower, inadequate tank defenses, weak armour, et low mobility must spell disaster at the tactical, operational et strategic level. To take the field under such obviously adverse conditions is an act of exceptional courage.

Contenu

48 figurines en 7 poses – 22,5 mm correspondent à 162 cm hauteur de corps

  • Officier Italien, (2)
  • Fantassin Italien, tirant Beretta Modello 3A SMG (8)
  • Fantassin Italien, tirant Beretta Modello 3A SMG (8)
  • Fantassin Italien avec Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle, marchant (8)
  • Fantassin Italien, tirant avec Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle (8)
  • Fantassin Italien, avançant avec Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle (7)
  • Fantassin Italien avec Mannlicher-Carcano Rifle, couché, throwing grenade (7)

Évaluation

  • Beautifully sculpted figurines. The poses look completely natural, et anatomically correct. The figurines are slender, et they appear taller than they actually are. The box says that these are 1/72 scale figurines, which would make the hommes less than 5'-4" tall. Interestingly, the Mannlicher-Carcano rifle et the Beretta submachine gun scale out correctly at 1/72 scale, supporting this claim.
  • Exceptional detail in the uniforms, weapons, et equipment. Everything is sculpted accurately, et the equipment is carried correctly.
  • Bons traits du visage, l'officier pourrait être juste sorti d'un film. Cette figurine justifierait à lui seul l'achat d'une boîte ou deux de ces soldats.
  • Excellent casting quality, crisp detail, et little flash.
  • No support weapons. Unlike other Airfix figurine sets, this one does not include armes d'appui standard comme mitrailleuses, et mortiers légers. Dioramistes, and joueurs de guerre will have to convert figurines to create the missing troop types.
  • Only seven poses. Sadly, this set falls far short of the industry standard of 12–15 poses in a set of 45–50 infantry figurines. Considering the exceptional detail et sculpting quality of these figurines, we seem to have missed out on a bunch of great figurines. A light et heavy machine gun team may have been planned, but not completed in time, that would account for the missing poses. We may never know.
  • Incomplete painting instructions. The back of the box shows an infantryman in a medium grey uniform, avec leather equipment of the same colour. Without Humbrol or Revell colour reference numbers, the painting is not very useful. Andrew Mollo describes the uniform et equipment colour as a gray-green. Officiers portaient un uniforme made from better material which had a lighter gray-green colour.

Déploiement Historique

  • Infanterie Italienne en uniforme temperate (gris-vert)
    • Invasion of the Balkans, 1941-43
    • Invasion de la Russie, 1941-44
    • Campagne d'Italie, 1943
    • Guerre Partisane d'Italie, 1944
  • Infanterie Italienne en uniforme tropical (light khaki)
    • Libyan Campaign, 1940-41
    • Campagne d'Afrique du Nord, 1941-42
    • Tunisien Campaign, 1943
    • Campagne d'Italie, 1943

Possibilités de Conversions

  • Infanterie italienne en casque coloniale. The uniforms can be painted kaki clair pour représenter l'uniforme tropical which was very similar to the temperate uniform. Some figurines may be converted, replacing the steel helmet avec a tropical helmet taken de l'Afrikakorps de chez Atlantic ou de l'Infanterie Nord-Vietnamienne de chez ESCI. Gray-green leather equipment was also worn in Africa.
  • Infanterie of the Repubblica Soziale Italiana en 1945, wearing uniformes italiens avec casques d'acier allemandes et Einheitsmütze caps. These troops fought alongside des unités allemandes sur la front de l'est, et they were engaged in anti-Partizan warfare en haute Italie.

Bibliographie

HäT Industrie's re-release of the old Airfix infantry set is a welcome addition to the growing range des troupes de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. L'uniforme de chemise et cravate italien is very modern in appearance, et it's beautifully sculpted. Painting et drybrushing these figurines should be fun, it will accentuate the many folds in the clothing. The genius who sculpted these troops should be commissioned to do more work in our favorite figurine scale.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines et Maquettes Italiennes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale