L'Armée du Guillaume IX, Prince de Hesse-Cassel, Comte de Hanau

Comté de Hesse-Hanau, 1764–1785

Hesse-Hanau Régiment d'Infanterie Prince Héritier de Hesse-Cassel

With the death of Johann Reinhard III comte de Hanau, en 1736, the male line of Hanau ended. The lands of Hanau-Münzenberg fell to William VIII landgrave de Hesse-Cassel, based on an agreement of inheritance dated 1643, et Hanau-Lichtenberg was granted to Prince Ludwig of Hesse-Darmstadt, who had been married to Reinhard's only daughter Charlotte from 1717 until her death en 1726.

William VIII initially left the comté de Hanau to his grandson William (IX.), later William I électeur de Hesse, who ruled the comté de Hanau as Prince of Hesse-Cassel from 1764 to 1785. Upon his inauguration as William IX landgrave de Hesse-Cassel, en 1785, the comté de Hanau was incorporated into Hesse-Cassel, which was eventually elevated to a duchy en 1803.

Les grenadiers du Régiment Prince Héritier pictured above were sculpted by Peter Laing, the inventor of 15 mm wargame figurines.

L'Armée de la Hesse-Hanau

  • Régiment d'Infanterie Prince Héritier
  • Bataillon de Chasseurs
  • Bataillon Franc
  • Compagnie d'Artillerie

On 5 Février 1776 the comte de Hanau agreed to supply an infantry regiment et an artillery company, a total of 900 men, for service in the American colonies, in return for subsidy payments britanniques. The Jäger Batallion followed en 1777, et a Freibataillon en 1781. Replacements of 400 hommes were sent to America en 1781 et 1782, which increased the troop committment to 2,422 soldiers, of whom 981 did not return to Hanau. Of the missing men, many had become pertes de la guerre, but the majority had stayed et settled in America.

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Figurines de la Guerre d'Indépendance Américaine