Fourgon d’Ambulance Hippomobile de la Guerre de Sécession, 1861–1865

Revue de la Maquette IMEX au 1/72

Fourgon d’Ambulance Hippomobile de la Guerre de Sécession, 1/72 Maquette IMEX 514

An ambulance arrives to evacuate stretcher cases to the nearest field hospital. The mules provided avec the ambulance model have been replaced by more attractive draught horses taken de l’Artillerie de la Guerre de Trente Ans de chez Revell. The armies involved à la Guerre de Sécession seriously underestimated the effect of modern weaponry on troops operating in relatively dense formations on the battlefield, et they were not prepared to deal avec the enormous numbers de pertes requiring evacuation et treatment. Fortunately for the Union army, it received medical assistance et supplies de la Commission Chrétienne et de la Commission Sanitaire, in addition to many volunteer organizations which took care of sick et wounded soldiers. Confederate army medical services were in a much worse condition, they frequently had to rely on Union resources, et personnel to treat the wounded of both sides.

Letterman Hospital

At the beginning de la guerre, the available Union ambulance services et medical supplies were centralized at the corps ou army level, a system which proved very impractical. When the Union army suffered reverses on the battlefield, the medical services were usually caught up in the retreat, et they frequently abandoned huge stockpiles of badly needed medical supplies. A Union army medical director by the name of Jonathan Letterman reorganized the medical services de l’Armée du Potomac, et his work led to the creation of an independent Federal Ambulance Corps in Août of 1862.

Three ambulances, avec three cochers et six brancardiers commanded par un sergent, were attached to each regiment in the division. Bandsmen, et additional hommes detailed from the regiment acted as brancardiers who took the wounded back to the regimental dressing station whence they were transported to the field hospital for treatment. Medical cadets were enlisted to assist at dressing stations ou to dress wounds in the field. If a large battle had been anticipated, 12-15 regimental surgeons would be attached to the divisional field hospital to treat the wounded there, et additional surgeons civils might be contracted for the duration. Despite these preparations, it took more than 24 hours to evacuate 8,000 wounded after the Bataille de Chickamauga, on 17th Septembre 1862. The following year, Letterman set up a tent hospital at Gettysburg which continued to treat wounded from that battle long after the armies had moved on.


  • Ambulance Wagon, 16 parts
    • Type: Ambulance
    • Longueur: 3.89 m
    • Largeur: 2.23 m
    • Hauteur: 2.88 m
    • Cargo Bay: 3.13 × 1.08 m
    • Charge utile: 0.5 t
    • Team: 1 Pair of Mules
  • Munitions Wagon, 14 parts


  • Choix de sujet excellent. The medical services de la Guerre de Sécession have not been available in miniature until now. This is a subject which will inspire dioramistes.
  • L’ambulance standard était un véhicules semblant moderne, et la maquette de chez IMEX est une bonne reproduction. The painted model will be the center piece of any collection of period troops et véhicules.
  • The sculptor is obviously the same who created the exquisite soldats de la Guerre de Sécession for Accurate Figures, which were also distributed by Revell. Accurate Figures produced a set of Confederate engineers which includes unarmed soldats qui peuvent être convertis en brancardiers et hospital stewards. In addition, the old ESCI ACW infantry sets included soldiers supporting ou carrying wounded comrades who will be compatible avec the IMEX ambulance.
  • Illustrated assembly instructions are easy to follow. The véhicule is a snap-together model, although it snaps apart as quickly as it can be put together.
  • The vertical supports of the wagon body, bolt heads on wheel rims, et the canvas roof avec rolled-up side panels provide enough detail to delight the painter.
  • The wheels are superb, avec fine detail on the rims, et avec unusually slender spokes. Unlike many other wheels we have seen in plastic, these are practically free of flash between the spokes.
  • Les deux hommes blessés on the stretchers are in generic Union ou Confederate uniform. One man has a splinted leg, et the other has been bandaged in several places. These are excellent figurines which will paint up very well. The ambulance is just wide enough to carry both stretchers, but the figurines may as well be placed on the ground, awaiting evacuation to, ou treatment at the field hospital. A hospital steward attending ces hommes blessés would have been a welcome addition to the kit.
  • Les cochers civils included in the kit are nice figurines, but a uniformed limber rider from one of the 1/72 scale artillery sets would be a more appropriate replacement.
  • Cast in medium brown plastic avec grey plastic wheels, ready for play.
  • Good casting quality, but there is noticeable flash on cochers et mules.
  • Conducteur, pertes, animals et véhicule canopy sculpted by Bill Farmer.
  • Wagon built by Ted Tear.
  • The ambulance is drawn by the same unacceptable horses ou mules provided for the munitions wagon in this kit. These animals measure only 13.2 hands, but there are a number of figurine sets which provide suitable replacements:
    1. Chevaux de trait de l’Artillerie de la Guerre de Trente Ans de chez Revell: 16.9 hands, excellent animation and anatomy, fully detailed harness avec heavy collar. This is the best alternative, the box provides two pairs of horses in four different poses, one of which is saddled. The conversion is a simple matter of slicing the draw bar off the Revell limber et gluing ou soldering it to the IMEX wagon.
    2. Preiser HO (1/87) Farm Horses: 14.3 hands tall, despite the 20% scale difference between HO et 1/72, excellent anatomy, fully detailed harness.
    3. Airfix ACW Artillery Horses: 14 hands, good anatomy, compatible harnessing.
    4. Accurate Figures ACW Artillery Horses: 15 hands, similar anatomy problems, all horses are saddled, compatible harnessing.
  • Harness lines are cast on the draft animals, but there are no draw bars to attach the lines to the wagon. Instead, there is a T-bar attached to the wagon tongue which plugs into a hole in each horse’s side. This method is convenient, it requires no fiddling avec rênes et harness lines, but dioramistes et modélistes may find it unrealistically toy-like.
  • The horses have no bases, et they will be difficult to attach to a diorama ou wargame base without sinking their hoofs into the glue. Collectionistes who do not mount their troops in dioramas probably prefer horses without plastic bases, because the relative height between the wagon et the draft animals would be distorted otherwise.
  • The model has a tendency to fall apart if touched, a feature which makes the ambulance unsuitable as a toy. There is significant tension on the eight vertical supports of the canvas tilt, et they snap out of their sockets if the model is picked up by the tilt. The only way to stop this is to treat the véhicule like any other model kit, et put it together permanently. The soft plastic does not glue well, but the parts may be fused together avec a heated tournevis ou a soldering iron on very low heat.

Emploi Historique

  • Federal Ambulance Corps, 1862-1865
  • Federal Military Telegraph Battery Wagon, 1861–1865
  • U.S. Signal Corps Cable Detachment, 1861–1865
  • U.S. Ballon Corps, 1861-1863
  • Mobile command post véhicule used by officiers généraux
    who were physically unfit to ride into battle, 1861–1865
  • Field Headquarters of the New York Herald,
    and several other newspapers covering the war, 1861–1865

Possibilités de Conversions

  • Fourgon de Ravitaillement. The ambulance is practically the same basic véhicule as the munitions wagon in this kit. It’s a great model, but it could be converted en fourgon de ravitaillement if ambulances are not required. The easiest conversion is to take the canvas tilt off et use the véhicule as is. A permanent conversion would be to cut off the sockets for the vertical roof struts. This conversion mimicks the actions of military authorities who frequently diverted men, draft horses, equipment, et supplies from the medical services.
  • Chariot baché. Tissue paper may be draped over the existing roof supports to convert the ambulance en fourgon de ravitaillement baché.
  • Mobile photo lab. War correspondents et photographers used véhicules not unlike this ambulance as mobile offices et photo labs. A photo lab véhicule would have to be fully enclosed, although parts of the superstructure may consist of canvas.


  • En Campagne - L’Art de la Guerre de Sécession de Keith Rocco, p. 90

This kit is an excellent addition to the growing range of figurines et maquettes de la Guerre de Sécession. Maybe it will inspire wargame authors to write suitable rules for medical services in historic simulation games et campaigns. The ability to evacuate the wounded from the battlefield should have a positive impact on army morale, et it should result in increased return to the ranks.

Maquette IMEX, exemplair par Toy Soldier HQ

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines de la Guerre de Sécession