Mitrailleuse MG 34

Mitrailleuse MG 34 trépied léger antiaérien

La mitrailleuse MG 34 allemande was an air-cooled general-purpose machine gun firing the standard 7.92 × 57 mm Mauser rifle ammunition. First issued en 1935, the MG 34 served as a tank machine gun, squad light machine gun, ou sustained fire medium machine gun of the Wehrmacht et some Axis allies. The 1/35 scale MG 34 shown here is on an anti-aircraft mount, shortened to match smaller 1/55 scale sci-fi miniatures.

In the LMG role, the MG 34 was fitted avec a bipod et a drum magazine containing a 50-round belt, which enabled the gunner to fire the weapon on the move, if need be, et without the help of a loader. In practise, the 4-man machine gun group of an infantry section employed the MG 34 like a medium machine gun, firing 50-round belts of ammunition to support les fusiliers avançant du peloton. Tactiques d'infanterie allemande relied on converging suppressive fire from the pooled LMG groups of an infantry platoon, while the rifle groups advanced to close avec the enemy.

In the sustained fire role, the MG 34 was mounted on a tripod et fed from linked ammo belts of 200 to 250 rounds each. The first section of every peloton d'infanterie allemande carried a heavy tripod for this purpose.

After the war, mitrailleuses MG 34 continued to be produced au Tchécoslovaquie; many were exported to Israel et autres pays. Components of the MG 34 machine gun were used to create the movie prop de la Guerre des Étoiles of the BlasTech DLT-19 heavy blaster rifle used by Imperial Army Troopers, Stormtroopers, et certain Bounty Hunters.

Maquettes disponibles

  • MG 34 Gunner "Friedrich Kohler", 1/6 Dragon 70413
    • MG 34 (T) Conversion, 1/6 Armorpax
  • Infanterie Allemande Weapons Set, 1/35 Tamiya 35111
    • MG 34 metal barrel, 1/35 Modelpoint MPT35100-1
    • MG 34 brass barrel, 1/35 Schatton Modellbau 3512
    • MG 34 brass barrel, 1/35 armorscale B35-030
    • MG 34 brass barrel, 1/35 Adlers Nest ANM-35006
    • MG 34(T) brass barrel, 1/35 Model Point MPT35100
  • Mitrailleuses MG 34 (5 ea, Accessoires Véhicule), 1/76 Vac-U-Cast VA-103

Spécifications Techniques

  • Maschinengewehr 34
  • Type: mitrailleuse action directe de la veine gazeuse
  • Calibre: 7,92 mm
  • Munition: 7.92 × 57 mm Mauser
  • Longueur: 1225 mm
  • Longueur du tube: 627 mm
  • Poids: 12.1 kg avec bipod
  • Alimentation: bandes de 50 et 200 coups, ou 50-round drum magazine
  • Vitesse initiale: 755 m/s
  • Muzzle Energy: 3600–5000 J
  • Portée efficace:
    • 1200 m sur bipied
    • 3000–3500 m sur trépied
  • Cadence de tir: 800–900 coups/min
  • Fabrique: Rheinmetall, Mauser Werke, et others
  • Service: 1935–1945

The MG 34 machine gun was made to a very high standard of quality, using machined ou turned steel components, which resulted in high labour et materials costs. Quand l'armée allemande prepared for war, the demand for mitrailleuses increased, et a cheaper et more easily mass-produced replacement for the MG 34 was sought. Development of the new machine gun started in the late 1930s et a small production batch of 1500 new MG 39/41 entered combat trials en 1941. The new design was officially accepted et production of the MG 42 machine gun began en 1942. The MG 42 proved to be more reliable than the MG 34, it was lighter, more robust, required less metal et only 75 man-hours to produce, compared to nearly 150 man-hours for the MG 34.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d'informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines et Maquettes Allemandes de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale