Motos et Motos Side-Car Dnepr Soviétiques

Moto Side-car Dnepr MT-12

Le side-car Dnepr M-72 soviétique was a copy de la moto lourde BMW R71 allemande. La R71 était un modèle civil which might have seen military service avec the Wehrmacht, had it not been surpassed by the BMW R75 which was already available as a prototype en 1938. The R71 had been selected for production en l’URSS well before the war. An aircraft engineer soviétique by the name of Serdjukow shipped several side-cars R71 home for analysis, et these bikes were used as prototypes pour la production soviétique. Serdjukow worked at the BWM plant in Munich from 1935 to 1940, il parle allemand et had many friends among his colleagues allemands. Apparently, Serdjukow was given access to R71 blueprints et parts, because le side-car was no longer top of the line.

La copie soviétique de la BMW R71 was designated Dnepr M-72, et it is still being manufactured in China today. Quand l’armée soviétique captured side-cars BMW R75 during the war, an attempt was made to incorporate its advanced features in an upgraded Dnepr M-73 side-car avec powered side-car. However, by the time the M-73 was finally ready for production l’armée soviétique had enough lend-lease Jeeps available to fill the small transport role, et the M-73 project was not pursued further. Après la guerre, production of the original M-72 continued until 1956 when it was surpassed by the M-72 M.

  • Dnepr M-72 (ZIS Moscou, 1941)
  • Dnepr M-72 (Irbitskij Moto-Zawod, Siberia, 1942–1956)
  • Changjiang 750 (China, 1956 – Aujourd’hui)
  • Dnepr M-72 M (Irbitskij Moto-Zawod, Siberia, 1956–1961)

En 1941, the production of motos M-72 was moved from the ZIS automobile factory in Moscou to a former brewery in Irbitsk, Siberia.

  • Dnepr M-72 (Charkow, 1941)
  • Dnepr M-72 (GAZ Gorkij, 1941–1950)
  • Dnepr M-72 (Kiew, 1951-1956)
  • Dnepr M-72 N (Kiev, 1956–1960)
  • Dnepr K 750 (Kiev, 1960–1963)
  • Dnepr K 750 M (Kiev, 1963–1977)
  • Dnepr MT-11 (Kiev, 1985 – Aujourd’hui)

The production of motos M-72 at the Charkow factory was merged avec the M-72 assembly plant at the GAZ factory in Gorkij. This plant moved from Gorkij to Kiev en 1950.

  • Dnepr M-73 Prototype avec powered Sidecar
  • Dnepr MB-750 avec powered side-car (Kiev, 1964–1973)
  • Dnepr MB-750 M avec powered side-car (Kiev, 1973–1977)
  • Dnepr MT-12 avec powered side-car (Kiev, 1977–1982)
  • Dnepr MT-16 avec powered side-car (Kiev, 1985 – Aujourd’hui)

En 1964, l’Armée Soviétique received improved side-cars MB-750 avec powered side-cars similar to the original Dnepr M-73 prototype, but which used the new moto Dnepr K 750 M.

Maquettes disponibles

There are no models of the moto Dnepr immediately available, mais la BMW R75 allemande is similar enough in the smaller miniature scales.

Spécifications Techniques

  • Motos et Side-Car Dnepr M-72
  • Moteur: 2-cylinder, H-I-A-C, 745 cc, 16.4 kw @ 4500 rpm
  • Vitesse: 105 km/h, 95 km/h avec side-car
  • Transmission: 4 Forward
  • Freins: Hydraulic rear et side-car brakes
  • Pneumatiques: 3.75-19
  • Longueur: 2155 mm, 2420 mm avec side-car
  • Largeur: 825 mm, 1600 mm avec side-car
  • Hauteur: 980 mm
  • Poids: 205 kg, 335 kg avec side-car
  • Production: 1941 – aujourd’hui


Museum Exhibits

Dnepr MT-12 Moto side-car

Dnepr M-72 combination, Auto & Technik Museum Sinsheim, Allemagne

Moto side-car Dnepr MT-12, privately owned by un collectioniste allemand

Moto side-car Dnepr MT-12, privately owned by un collectioniste allemand

Emploi Historique

  • Armée Soviétique, Police & Government, 1941 – aujourd’hui
  • Armée Chinoise, 1956 – Aujourd’hui

Dnepr motorcylces were painted olive green (army), dark blue (police) ou black (government) until 1954, quand couleurs civiles became available as well.

Possibilités de Conversions

  • Moto lourde

Small scale modélistes may use le side-car BMW R75 pour représenter une Dnepr M-72 soviétique. La Dnepr M-72 was also used as a solo machine for dispatch riders.

Questions Fréquents

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter les éditeurs de la revue Military Miniatures Magazine au Miniatures Forum.

Figurines de l’Armée Soviétique