Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher

Prince de Wahlstatt, 1742–1819

Generalfeldmarschall von Blücher

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher was born on 16 Décembre 1742 at Rostock. At the age of 15 he joined a Swedish cavalry regiment at the rank of Leutnant. Blücher was captured near Friedland en 1760, at the Kavalpass border crossing to Poméranie, by hussars prussiens du Régiment d'Hussards von Belling (Nr. 8). Given the choice of a prisoner of war camp ou service en l'Armée Prussienne, Blücher joined the von Belling regiment. En 1770 he participated in the campaign against Poland, which nearly cost him his military carreer. Young Rittmeister Blücher is said to have tortured un prêtre polonais to extract a confession from him. Frédéric le Grand de Prusse wanted good relations avec Poland, et Blücher fell into disgrace. Blücher left l'Armée Prussienne en 1773 when he was passed over for promotion. When Frederic the Great died en 1786, Blücher was recalled to active service. He was promoted to Major et returned to his old regiment to command a squadron of hussars.

Generalfeldmarschall von Blücher

In 1789 Blücher received the order Pour le Merite, followed by the order of the Red Eagle en 1794. He fought at Jena et Auerstedt en 1806, et received the order of the Black Eagle en 1807. Blücher served as commander in chief en Poméranie suédoise, et as gouvernor de Poméranie et Neumark until 1811. He was promoted to General of Cavalry en 1809, Supreme Commander de l'Armée de Silésie en 1813, und General-Fieldmarshal on 21 Octobre 1813, following the allied victory at the Bataille de Nations at Leipzig.

During the night of 1 Janvier 1814 l'Armée de Silésie de Blücher crossed the Rhine at Kaub. Paris fell to the allies on 31 Mars et Napoléon abdicated on 11 Avril. En 1815, Blücher again received the supreme command de l'Armée Prussienne which fought victoriously at the Bataille de Waterloo / Belle-Alliance on 18 June. Blücher became a member de l'assemblée nationale prussienne en 1817. The first Blücher monument was erected during his lifetime at his birthplace Rostock. Blücher died on 12 Septembre 1819 et was buried at his farm Krieblowitz en Silésie. On 26 Août 1853, Blücher's cask was moved to his Mausoleum on the Katzbach river where he had fought his first major victory contré l'armée française napoléonienne.

Figurines

Blücher's Campaign History

  • Poméranie suédoise, 1760
  • Pologne, 1770
  • Palatinate, Gefecht bei Kirrweiler, Luxemburg, Kaiserslautern,
    Morschheim, Weidenthal, Edesheim, et Edenkoben, 1794
  • Jena et Auerstedt, 1806
  • Lützen, Bautzen, Katzbach, et Leipzig, 1813
  • Kaub, Champaubert, Montmirail, Chateau Thierry, La Rothière,
    Méry, Vauchamps, Craonne, et Laon, 1814
  • Ligny, et Waterloo, 1815

Bibliographie

The marble bust of Generalfeldmarschall von Blücher pictured above may be seen at the Walhalle Ruhmes- und Ehrenhalle an der Donau près de Ratisbonne, Allemagne.

Questions Fréquents

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Figurines Prussiennes des Guerres Napoléoniennes