L'Armée Russe de la Campagne de 1812

Régiments d'Infanterie, Brigades et Divisions

Régiment d'Infanterie Libava, Armée Russe 1812

Following the disastrous defeat at Austerlitz, en 1805, l'administration militaire russe was reorganized. The system of military disctricts, called Inspections, was maintained only in the Caucasus, Orenburg et Siberian region. In other parts of the country, 13 mixed divisions d'infanterie, cavalerie lourde et légère, artillerie légère, lourde, et à cheval were formed. The new system was an improvement, but it still was no match for the système français of grouping separate et homogeneous infantry et cavalry divisions only at the corps level. Le système français empowered the division commanders, allowing him to focus on his particular arm of service, laissant les opérations interarmes aux officiers d'état major et aides-de-camp au niveau du corps. On the move, les divisions de cavalerie françaises were no longer held in check by their slower infantry comrades, they scouted the operational area for likely targets et kept the enemy engaged until the infantry divisions came up et took over.

Général russe Barclay de Tolly recognized the advantages of the corps system and he introduced it dans l'armée russe en 1812. Infantry divisions were standardized at two infantry brigades plus one Jäger brigade of two regiments each. The two standing grenadier divisions differed in that they did not have a Jäger brigade, probably because the grenadiers could be expected to fulfill the role d'infanterie légère d'escarmouche equally well. Some divisions were understrength, lacking a regiment ou a Jäger regiment. The 19th et 20th division were overstrength, both had an additional 5th infantry regiment et the 20th had an additional Jäger regiment.

Les régiments de la division étaient distingués by differently coloured pattes d'épaule: 1st regiment red, 2nd white, 3rd yellow, 4th green avec red edging, 5th light blue, Jägers yellow ou light blue. Pattes d'épaule rouges were worn in the standing grenadier regiments. Converged grenadier regiments were made up of grenadier companies des (2e) bataillons de depot des régiments d'infanterie de ligne, et ils portaient les pattes d'épaule of their parent regiments. Divisional numbers were embroidered in red, ou yellow on red straps.

Guard Division

  • Preobraschenski Life-Guard (3 bataillons)
  • Ssemenovski Life-Guard (3 bataillons)
  • Ismailovski Life-Guard (3 bataillons)
  • Litovski Life-Guard (3 bataillons)
  • Life-Guard Jägers
  • Finland Life-Guard Jägers

1st Infantry Division

  • Leib-Grenadiers
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Count Araktschejew
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Pavlov
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Jektarinoslav
  • Régiment de Grenadiers St. Petersburg
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Tauride

2nd Infantry Division

  • Régiment de Grenadiers Kiev
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Moscou
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Astrakhan
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Fanagoria
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Sibérie
  • Régiment de Grenadiers Petite Russie

3rd Grenadier Division, 22 combined grenadier bataillons

Combined Grenadier Division of 5th Corps, 26 grenadier bataillons

Combined Grenadier Division of Corps Kamenski, 18 grenadier bataillons

Pattes d’Épaule des Régiments d’Infanterie Russes des Guerres Napoléoniennes

Div./Corps rouge blanc jaune vert/rouge bleu clair
3./III. Reval Murmansk Chernigov Koporsk
4./II. Krementschug Minsk Tobolsk Volhynia
5./I. Ssievski Gr. Kaluga Perm Mohilev
6./Finland Brjansk Nisov Uglich Azov
7./VI. Pskov Moscow Libau Sofia
8./Turkey Ukraine Archangel Schlüsselburg Old-Ingermanland
9./Markow Nascheburg Riazsk Apsheron Yakutsk
10./Turkey Bielostok Crimea Kursk Jaroslaw
11./IV. Kexholm Gr. Pernau Podolsk Jelez
12./VII. Smolensk Narva Alexopol New-Ingermanland
13./Turkey Galitsch Veliki-Luki Penza Saratov
14./I. Tula Navaginsk Estonia Tenginsk
15./Markow Vitebsk Koslov Kolyvan Kura
16./– Neuschlot Okhotsk Kamenchatka Mingrelia
17./II. Rjasan Bjelosersk Vilmannstrand Brest
18./Kamenski Vladimir Tambov Kostroma Dnieper
19./Georgien Kazan Ssusdal Bielov Sewastopol Vologda
20./Georgien Grusinia Chersson Troitsk Tiflis Kabardinsk
21./Finland Petrovsk Podolia Neva Litauen
22./Turkey Vjatka Stawropol Olonetz Vyburg
23./IV. Riga Ektarinburg Seleguinsk
24./VI. Ufa Shirvan Boutyrk Tomsk
25./Finland 1. Marine 2. Marine 3. Marine Woronesh
26./VII. Lagoda Poltava Nishegorod Orel
27./VIII. Odessa Zhitomir Vilna Simbirsk

Pattes d’Épaule des Régiments de Chasseurs Russes des Guerres Napoléoniennes

Division / Corps jaune bleu clair
3./III. 20. Jäger-Regiment 21. Jäger-Regiment
4./II. 4. Jäger-Regiment 34. Jäger-Regiment
5./I. 23. Jäger-Regiment 24. Jäger-Regiment
6./Finland 3. Jäger-Regiment 35. Jäger-Regiment
7./VI. 11. Jäger-Regiment 36. Jäger-Regiment
8./Turkey 7. Jäger-Regiment 37. Jäger-Regiment
9./Markow 10. Jäger-Regiment 38. Jäger-Regiment
10./Turkey 8. Jäger-Regiment 39. Jäger-Regiment
11./IV. 1. Jäger-Regiment 33. Jäger-Regiment
12./VII. 6. Jäger-Regiment 41. Jäger-Regiment
13./Turkey 2. Jäger-Regiment 22. Jäger-Regiment
14./I. 25. und 26. Jäger-Regiment
15./Markow 13. Jäger-Regiment 14. Jäger-Regiment
16./–
17./II. 30. Jäger-Regiment 48. Jäger-Regiment
18./Kamenski 28. Jäger-Regiment 32. Jäger-Regiment
19./Georgien 16. und 17. Jäger-Regiment
20./Georgien 9. und 15. Jäger-Regiment 46. Jäger-Regiment
21./Finland 2. Jäger-Regiment 44. Jäger-Regiment
22./Turkey 29. Jäger-Regiment 45. Jäger-Regiment
23./IV. 18. Jäger-Regiment
24./VI. 19. Jäger-Regiment 40. Jäger-Regiment
25./Finland 31. Jäger-Regiment 47. Jäger-Regiment
26./VII. 5. Jäger-Regiment 42. Jäger-Regiment
27./VIII. 49. Jäger-Regiment 50. Jäger-Regiment

Les divisions de la front turque were released after the 1812 peace treaty with l'Empire ottoman. Some of these formations were re-deployed contre l'armée française, causing the enemy significant problems pendant la retraite et le passage de la Bérésina.

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Figurines des Guerres Napoléoniennes