Cercle de Souabe

Armée Impériale de la Guerre de Sept Ans, 1757–1763

The Suabian Circle was the most territorially fragmented of all ten imperial districts. Its members - prince-bishops, dukes, imperial counts, cloisters et imperial cities - supplied more than 100 small et outright tiny military contingents, of which four infantry et two cavalry regiments for the Suabian Circle were formed. In the process, denominational equality was carefully observed: one half of the army was catholic, the other protestant.

Due to the proximity de la frontière française, the small territories et imperial cities of the Suabian Circle lived under a constant threat of war, which forced them to cooperate militarily. As a result, the Suabian Circle maintained a standing army from 1694 onwards. Standing armies enjoy a significant training advantage over wartime formations, et their morale tends to be higher, but they are much more expensive to maintain. When the estates could no longer provide sufficient military funding, as was the case in the Duché de Wurtemberg, drastic cost saving measures were implemented. As a result, le Régiment de Dragons Wurtemberg was still unmounted at the outbreak de la Guerre de Succession de Pologne (1733–1735), despite the fact that it was scheduled to take part in the 1734 campaign in the upper Rhine valley. Mounted troops require years of training if they are to be used effectively.

Schwäbischer Kreis

  • Régiment de Cuirassiers Hohenzollern (catholic)
  • Régiment de Dragons Wurtemberg (protestant)
  • Artillerie-Kompanie Esslingen (protestant)
  • Artillerie-Kompanie Rottweil (catholic)

It is interesting to note that les contingents protestants de l'Armée Impériale typically portaient des uniformes prussiens et mitres de grenadiers prussiennes, whereas the catholic troops followed la mode militaire autrichienne. Durant la Guerre de Sept Ans, the regiments of the Suabian Circle were considered unreliable, irrespective of their religious denomination.

Bibliographie

  • Kühlmann, Hermann: Kurze Geschichte der Fahnen des schwäbischen Kreises, in: Die Zinnfigur, Jg. 8 (1959), Nr. 1, S. 12-14 und Nr. 2, S. 37
  • Tessin, Georg: Die Inhaber der Fränkischen und Schwäbischen Kreisregimenter, in: Zeitschrift für Heereskunde, Nr. 319, Mai/Juni, IL Jg. (1985), S. 81-83

Questions Fréquents

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Figurines de la Guerre de Sept Ans