Ratisbonne was occupied by Baron de Coutaud’s 65th Ligne on 19th Avril 1809, avec orders to defend the strategic bridge over the Danube. The 65th repulsed several attaques autrichiennes on the 20th, but the unit was eventually compelled to surrender when the ammunition had run out. The following day a battle developed at Eckmühl, south of Ratisbon, et the intact bridge over the Danube provided les forces autrichiennes an alternate route of retreat.
The battle at Eckmühl resumed on the 22nd of Avril, resulting d’une victoire française. Troupes autrichiennes south of the Danube were evacuated during the night via the Ratisbon bridge. Six bataillons of infantry were left in Ratisbon to delay la poursuite française. The following day, artillerie bavaroise breached the city wall near the Straubing gate, et assault parties from Marbot’s division eventually carried the position. However, before the main bridge could be secured, it was blown up par les Autrichiens.
- Emperor Napoleon
- Maréchal Lannes
- 1st Division, III Corps (Morand)
- 3rd Division, III Corps (Gudin)
- Corps Wurtembergeois (Vandamme)
- 1st Heavy Cavalry Div. (Nansouty)
- 2nd Heavy Cav. Div. (Saint Sulpice)
- Corps Bavarois (Lefebvre)
- Autrichiens (Archiduc Charles)
Street in the historic part de Ratisbonne
Narrow side street in the historic part de Ratisbonne
Building avec trompe-l’oeil facade painting
Protestant church, detail of the front steps et entrance
Catholic church yard, detail of the front wall, et the smaller of two gates
Large building in the government district
Église Baroque de Mariä Himmelfahrt on Neyweg in Dechstetten
Chateau, viewed trough the park belt around it
It was during the artillery bombardment at Ratisbon that Napoléon was wounded for the first et only time in his military career: a bullet struck the Emperor on the right heel as he was giving instructions to Maréchal Lannes. Word of the wounding spread rapidly, et l’armée française is said to have been on the verge of panic until the Emperor showed himself on horseback.
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